Quick answer
"Domino" is a form of "dominar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to dominate". "Patrón" is a noun which is often translated as "boss". Learn more about the difference between "domino" and "patrón" below.
dominar(
doh
-
mee
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to have power over)
a. to dominate (a people or the world)
Su ambición era dominar el mundo.Her ambition was to dominate the world.
b. to rule (a space or a territory)
El estratega afirmó que aquel que domina el espacio aéreo tiene ganada la guerra.The strategist asserted that whoever rules the airspace has won the war.
c. to rule over (a territory)
El ejército rebelde domina ya gran parte del país.The rebel army already rules over a large part of the country.
2. (to manipulate)
a. to dominate (a person)
Su hermano lo tiene completamente dominado.He's completely dominated by his brother.
3. (to be prominent in)
a. dominate
Las voces femeninas dominan la actualidad del panorama musical.Women singers dominate the music scene at present.
4. (to know well)
a. to master (a language or a subject)
No domino la materia, pero hay cosas que son de sentido común.I've never mastered the subject, but some things are just common sense.
b. to have a good command of (a language)
Para el puesto necesitamos a alguien que domine tanto el inglés como el español.The position requires someone who has a good command of both English and Spanish.
c. to be fluent in (a language)
Domina varios idiomas.He's fluent in several languages.
5. (to have or get under control)
a. to control (one's impulses or an animal)
Tienes que aprender a dominar tus impulsos.You have to learn how to control your impulses.
b. to be in control of (a situation)
Si crees que dominas la situación, estás muy equivocado.You're very much mistaken if you think you have the situation under control.
c. to get control of (a situation or a vehicle)
El conductor no consiguió dominar el vehículo que se salió de la calzada.The driver didn't manage to get control of the vehicle which veered off the road.
6. (to contain)
a. to bring under control (a fire or an epidemic)
Los bomberos no han conseguido todavía dominar el incendio.The firefighters are still struggling to bring the fire under control.
b. to put down (a rebellion)
El gobierno dominó la rebelión en cuestión de horas.The government put down the rebellion in a matter of hours.
7. (finance)
a. to dominate
La volatilidad domina los mercados.Volatility dominates the markets.
8. (sports)
a. to dominate (a game or a race)
El equipo visitante dominó el partido en todo momento.The visiting team dominated the game at all times.
9. (to be overcome by; used with "por")
a. to be ruled by
Dominado por la ira, no midió las consecuencias de sus actos.Ruled by anger, he didn't consider the consequences of his acts.
10. (to tower above)
a. to dominate
La montaña domina la ciudad.The mountain dominates the city.
11. (to have a view over)
a. to take in
Desde donde estábamos, dominábamos todo el valle.We could take in the whole valley from where we were.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to be prominent)
a. to predominate
Este verano dominan los colores pastel y las líneas suaves.Pastel colors and soft lines predominate this summer.
dominarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
13. (to restrain oneself)
a. to control oneself
Domínate. No te dejes traicionar por los nervios.Control yourself. Don't let your nerves betray you.
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el patrón, la patrona(
pah
-
trohn
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person in charge)
a. boss
El patrón dice que soy el mejor empleado.My boss says I'm the best employee.
b. employer
El patrón echó a diez obreros de la fábrica.The employer fired ten factory workers.
c. owner
Tendrás que consultarlo con el patrón. Yo soy solo un empleado.You will have to ask the owner about that. I'm just an employee.
2. (person who has servants)
a. master (masculine)
Los esclavos desobedecieron al patrón y fueron castigados.The slaves disobeyed the master and were punished.
b. mistress (feminine)
Las sirvientas están ayudando a la patrona a vestirse.The servants are helping the mistress to get dressed.
3. (owner of leased property)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. landlord (masculine)
El patrón dice que le debo dos meses de alquiler.The landlord claims I owe him two months' rent.
b. landlady (feminine)
Mike no paga el alquiler porque la patrona es su madre.Mike doesn't pay rent because the landlady is his mother.
4. (nautical)
a. skipper
El patrón y la tripulación están reparando la nave.The skipper and the crew are repairing the vessel.
5. (religious)
a. patron saint
San Francisco de Asís es el patrón de los animales.Saint Francis of Assisi is the patron saint of animals.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (model)
a. pattern
El batería tocaba un patrón rítmico que se repetía.The drummer played a repetitive rhythmic pattern.
7. (measurement)
a. standard
Este es el patrón de medida que usamos en nuestras fábricas.This is the measurement standard that we have in our factories.
8. (sewing)
a. pattern
Vendemos patrones de bordado a mano para prendas de vestir.We sell hand sewing patterns for clothing.
9. (botany)
a. stock
Le injerté un retoño al patrón.I grafted the scion to the stock.
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