Quick answer
"Domino" is a form of "dominar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to dominate". "Jefe" is a noun which is often translated as "boss". Learn more about the difference between "domino" and "jefe" below.
dominar(
doh
-
mee
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to have power over)
a. to dominate (a people or the world)
Su ambición era dominar el mundo.Her ambition was to dominate the world.
b. to rule (a space or a territory)
El estratega afirmó que aquel que domina el espacio aéreo tiene ganada la guerra.The strategist asserted that whoever rules the airspace has won the war.
c. to rule over (a territory)
El ejército rebelde domina ya gran parte del país.The rebel army already rules over a large part of the country.
2. (to manipulate)
a. to dominate (a person)
Su hermano lo tiene completamente dominado.He's completely dominated by his brother.
3. (to be prominent in)
a. dominate
Las voces femeninas dominan la actualidad del panorama musical.Women singers dominate the music scene at present.
4. (to know well)
a. to master (a language or a subject)
No domino la materia, pero hay cosas que son de sentido común.I've never mastered the subject, but some things are just common sense.
b. to have a good command of (a language)
Para el puesto necesitamos a alguien que domine tanto el inglés como el español.The position requires someone who has a good command of both English and Spanish.
c. to be fluent in (a language)
Domina varios idiomas.He's fluent in several languages.
5. (to have or get under control)
a. to control (one's impulses or an animal)
Tienes que aprender a dominar tus impulsos.You have to learn how to control your impulses.
b. to be in control of (a situation)
Si crees que dominas la situación, estás muy equivocado.You're very much mistaken if you think you have the situation under control.
c. to get control of (a situation or a vehicle)
El conductor no consiguió dominar el vehículo que se salió de la calzada.The driver didn't manage to get control of the vehicle which veered off the road.
6. (to contain)
a. to bring under control (a fire or an epidemic)
Los bomberos no han conseguido todavía dominar el incendio.The firefighters are still struggling to bring the fire under control.
b. to put down (a rebellion)
El gobierno dominó la rebelión en cuestión de horas.The government put down the rebellion in a matter of hours.
7. (finance)
a. to dominate
La volatilidad domina los mercados.Volatility dominates the markets.
8. (sports)
a. to dominate (a game or a race)
El equipo visitante dominó el partido en todo momento.The visiting team dominated the game at all times.
9. (to be overcome by; used with "por")
a. to be ruled by
Dominado por la ira, no midió las consecuencias de sus actos.Ruled by anger, he didn't consider the consequences of his acts.
10. (to tower above)
a. to dominate
La montaña domina la ciudad.The mountain dominates the city.
11. (to have a view over)
a. to take in
Desde donde estábamos, dominábamos todo el valle.We could take in the whole valley from where we were.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to be prominent)
a. to predominate
Este verano dominan los colores pastel y las líneas suaves.Pastel colors and soft lines predominate this summer.
dominarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
13. (to restrain oneself)
a. to control oneself
Domínate. No te dejes traicionar por los nervios.Control yourself. Don't let your nerves betray you.
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el jefe, la jefa(
heh
-
feh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person in charge)
a. boss
Creo que mi jefe intenta hacerme renunciar.I think my boss is trying to make me quit my job.
b. head
Alicia es la nueva jefa del departamento de portugués.Alicia is the new head of the Portuguese department.
c. leader
¿Quién es el jefe del grupo de voluntarios?Who is the leader of volunteer group?
d. manager
El jefe de área es Tom Peters.The area manager is Tom Peters.
e. chief
Lobo Sentado era el jefe de la tribu.Sitting Wolf was the chief of the tribe.
f. commander (military)
El jefe dijo que todos los cadetes deben estar listos a las 0600 horas.The commander said that all cadets must be ready at 0600.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(form of address)
a. boss
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Qué onda, jefe? Dame dos cervezas y dos refrescos.What's up, boss? Give me two beers and two sodas.
b. buddy
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Jefe, relájese; es sólo un rasguño.Relax, buddy; it's just a scratch.
c. mate
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
¿Cuánto le debo, jefe?How much is it, mate?
d. guv
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Disculpe, jefe. ¿Dónde está el baño de hombres?Pardon me, guv. Where's the gents?
jefa
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(wife)
a. old lady
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Te gruñirá tu jefa si te vas al partido de futbol con tus cuates el domingo?Will your old lady give you grief if you go to the soccer game with your buddies on Sunday?
b. missis
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Cómo están la jefa y los chiquillos?How are the missis and the kids?
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(mother)
Regionalism used in Central America: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
(Central America)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. old lady
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Cómo está tu jefa? ¿Sigue enferma?How's your old lady? Is she still ill?
b. mom
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Mi jefa no me deja ir a la fiesta.My mom won't let me go to the party.
c. mum
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Esos de la foto somos mi jefa y yo cuando yo era chavo.Those two in the picture are my mum and me when I was young.
jefes
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(parents)
a. folks
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Cuando tenía 16 años, mis jefes no me dejaban salir de noche con mi novio.When I was 16, my folks wouldn't let me go out with my boyfriend at night.
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