Quick answer
"Dominar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to dominate", and "lograr" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to reach". Learn more about the difference between "dominar" and "lograr" below.
dominar(
doh
-
mee
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to have power over)
a. to dominate (a people or the world)
Su ambición era dominar el mundo.Her ambition was to dominate the world.
b. to rule (a space or a territory)
El estratega afirmó que aquel que domina el espacio aéreo tiene ganada la guerra.The strategist asserted that whoever rules the airspace has won the war.
c. to rule over (a territory)
El ejército rebelde domina ya gran parte del país.The rebel army already rules over a large part of the country.
2. (to manipulate)
a. to dominate (a person)
Su hermano lo tiene completamente dominado.He's completely dominated by his brother.
3. (to be prominent in)
a. dominate
Las voces femeninas dominan la actualidad del panorama musical.Women singers dominate the music scene at present.
4. (to know well)
a. to master (a language or a subject)
No domino la materia, pero hay cosas que son de sentido común.I've never mastered the subject, but some things are just common sense.
b. to have a good command of (a language)
Para el puesto necesitamos a alguien que domine tanto el inglés como el español.The position requires someone who has a good command of both English and Spanish.
c. to be fluent in (a language)
Domina varios idiomas.He's fluent in several languages.
5. (to have or get under control)
a. to control (one's impulses or an animal)
Tienes que aprender a dominar tus impulsos.You have to learn how to control your impulses.
b. to be in control of (a situation)
Si crees que dominas la situación, estás muy equivocado.You're very much mistaken if you think you have the situation under control.
c. to get control of (a situation or a vehicle)
El conductor no consiguió dominar el vehículo que se salió de la calzada.The driver didn't manage to get control of the vehicle which veered off the road.
6. (to contain)
a. to bring under control (a fire or an epidemic)
Los bomberos no han conseguido todavía dominar el incendio.The firefighters are still struggling to bring the fire under control.
b. to put down (a rebellion)
El gobierno dominó la rebelión en cuestión de horas.The government put down the rebellion in a matter of hours.
7. (finance)
a. to dominate
La volatilidad domina los mercados.Volatility dominates the markets.
8. (sports)
a. to dominate (a game or a race)
El equipo visitante dominó el partido en todo momento.The visiting team dominated the game at all times.
9. (to be overcome by; used with "por")
a. to be ruled by
Dominado por la ira, no midió las consecuencias de sus actos.Ruled by anger, he didn't consider the consequences of his acts.
10. (to tower above)
a. to dominate
La montaña domina la ciudad.The mountain dominates the city.
11. (to have a view over)
a. to take in
Desde donde estábamos, dominábamos todo el valle.We could take in the whole valley from where we were.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to be prominent)
a. to predominate
Este verano dominan los colores pastel y las líneas suaves.Pastel colors and soft lines predominate this summer.
dominarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
13. (to restrain oneself)
a. to control oneself
Domínate. No te dejes traicionar por los nervios.Control yourself. Don't let your nerves betray you.
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lograr(
loh
-
grahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to achieve)
a. to reach
No todos logran sus objetivos en la vida.Not everyone reaches their goals in life.
2. (to make happen)
a. to be able to
Lograron conseguir el carro a un precio mucho más bajo.They were able to get the car for a much lower price.
b. to get
Logré sacar un día de playa durante mi viaje de trabajo.I got to sneak in a beach day on my work trip.
c. to manage to
¿Lograste cambiar la cita del doctor para el martes?Did you manage to change the doctor's appointment to Tuesday?
3. (to obtain)
a. to attain
Logró primer lugar en la carrera de 100 metros.She attained first place in the 100 meter race.
b. to achieve
Tienes que trabajar fuerte para lograr tus sueños.You have to work hard to achieve your dreams.
4. (to be successful in)
a. to win
Lograron una victoria sin precedentes en el campeonato.They won an unprecedented victory at the championship.
lograrse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to finish)
a. to complete
No se logró la construcción del nuevo edificio porque no tenían los permisos necesarios.The construction of the new building wasn't completed because they didn't have the necessary permissions.
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