Quick answer
"Doler" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to hurt", and "herir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to wound". Learn more about the difference between "doler" and "herir" below.
doler(
doh
-
lehr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to feel pain)
a. to hurt
Después del accidente, me duele al respirar.After the accident, it hurts when I breathe.
b. to ache
Me ha dolido la espalda la mañana entera.My back has been aching all morning long.
2. (to feel offended)
a. to hurt
Tu indiferencia me duele.Your indifference hurts me.
dolerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to feel remorse; often used with "de")
a. to regret
Se duele de sus acciones rencorosas.He regrets his spiteful actions.
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herir(
eh
-
reer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to harm physically)
a. to wound
La bala lo hirió en el hombro.The bullet wounded him in the shoulder.
b. to injure
La explosión hirió a varias personas, pero a ninguna de gravedad.The explosion injured several people, but none of them seriously.
2. (to offend)
a. to hurt
Tus palabras hirieron su orgullo.Your words hurt his pride.
3. (to damage)
a. to hurt
Los colores brillantes me hieren la vista.Bright colors hurt my eyes.
4. (to beat)
a. to hit
Dobla las rodillas y hiere la pelota con el palo.Bend your knees and hit the ball with the club.
b. to strike
Hirió la pelota de béisbol muy fuerte.He struck the baseball really hard.
herirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to harm oneself physically)
a. to hurt
Se hirió la mano cuando estaba cortando la cebolla.He hurt his hand when he was cutting an onion.
b. to injure oneself
Me herí tratando de escapar.I injured myself trying to escape.
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