Quick answer
"Doblar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to fold", and "girar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to turn". Learn more about the difference between "doblar" and "girar" below.
doblar(
doh
-
blahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to crease)
a. to fold
Dobla el papel por la mitad.Fold the paper in half.
b. to bend
El músculo bíceps se flexiona cuando doblas el brazo.The bicep muscle flexes when you bend your arm.
2. (to increase by two times)
a. to double
Un bebé dobla su tamaño en unos cinco meses.A baby doubles its size in about five months.
3. (cinema)
a. to dub
El estudio dobla 40 películas al año.The studio dubs 40 films per year.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to change direction)
a. to turn
El coche dobló en el semáforo.The car turned at the traffic light.
5. (to ring a bell)
a. to toll
Las campanas de la catedral doblan a cada hora.The cathedral bells toll at every hour.
doblarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to give in)
a. to bend
Nuestro país nunca se dobla ante la presión.Our country never bends under pressure.
7. (to increase by two times)
a. to double
La tasa de natalidad se ha doblado en los últimos diez años.The birth rate has doubled in the last ten years.
8. (to collapse)
a. to bend
La viga se está doblando por puntos diferentes.The beam is bending at different points.
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girar(
hee
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to rotate)
a. to turn
Tienes que girar la llave de manera suave.You have to turn the key smoothly.
b. to spin
Rachel giró el dreidel.Rachel spun the dreidel.
2. (finance)
a. to transfer
Mi madre me giró $300.My mother transferred $300 to me.
b. to draw
El paciente giró un cheque para pagar la cita.The patient drew a check to pay for the appointment.
3. (to give)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to issue
Los generales ya giraron órdenes.The generals have already issued orders.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to center on)
a. to revolve around
La conferencia gira alrededor de la globalización.The conference revolves around globalization.
5. (to rotate)
a. to turn
El engranaje gira en el sentido de las agujas del reloj.The gear turns clockwise.
b. to spin
La moneda giró y cayó.The coin spun and fell flat.
c. to revolve
El universo no gira alrededor de ti.The universe doesn't revolve around you.
d. to go around
No deja de girar el carrusel.The carousel won't stop going around.
6. (to make a turn)
a. to turn
Gira a la derecha en el semáforo.Turn right at the traffic light.
7. (to turn one's body)
a. to turn around
¡Todavía no gires! No he terminado de envolver tu regalo.Don't turn around yet! I haven't finished wrapping your present.
girarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
8. (to turn one's body)
a. to turn around
¡Gírate y no mires atrás!Turn around and don't look back!
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