"Divide" is a form of "dividir", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to divide". "Vencerás" is a form of "vencer", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to defeat". Learn more about the difference between "divide" and "vencerás" below.
dividir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to carve up)
a.
Si dividimos el salón, podríamos tener otro dormitorio.If we divided the living room, we could have another bedroom.
b.
Deberíamos dividir la pizza en seis trozos.We should split the pizza into six portions.
2. (mathematics; used with "entre" or "por")
a.
Ocho dividido entre dos son cuatro.Eight divided by two is four.
3. (to distribute)
a.
Catalina dividió la paga entre sus tres hijas.Catalina divided the pocket money among her three daughters.
b.
Solo queda para un plato. ¿Lo dividimos entre los dos?There's only enough left for one plateful. Shall we split it between the two of us?
c.
¿Por qué no dividimos el botín entre todos nosotros?Why don't we share the booty between all of us?
d.
Si fuera tú, dividiría la compra en dos bolsas.If I were you, I would split the groceries up into two bags.
e.
Dividimos el pastel entre los cuatro amigos.We shared out the cake among the four friends.
4. (to bisect)
a.
El muro divide la ciudad en norte y sur.The wall divides the city into north and south.
5. (to disunite)
a.
La decisión de vender el negocio dividió la familia.The decision to sell the business divided the family.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (mathematics)
a.
Carlitos ya está aprendiendo a dividir.Carlitos is already learning how to divide.
dividirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to separate)
a.
La célula se dividía rápidamente.The cell divided quickly.
b.
El grupo se había dividido para buscar comida.The group had split to search for food.
8. (to bisect)
a.
Los animales se dividieron para buscar refugio.The animals split up to seek shelter.
9. (to distribute)
a.
Se dividieron las tareas de la casa para acabar más rápido.They divided up the household tasks so they could finish faster.
vencer
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to vanquish)
a.
Harry venció a Lord Voldemort utilizando las tres reliquias de la muerte.Harry defeated Lord Voldemort using all three of the deathly hallows.
b.
Tienes que desarrollar tu juego de apertura para vencer a un maestro de ajedrez.You must develop your opening game to beat a chess master.
c.
Como dijo Julio César: "Vine, vi y vencí".Like Julius Caesar said: "I came, I saw, and I conquered."
2. (to control feelings or fear)
a.
Vencí mi cansancio para quedarme despierta hasta la medianoche.I overcame my sleepiness to stay awake until midnight.
b.
Saltó del avión para vencer su miedo de las alturas.He jumped out of the plane to conquer his fear of heights.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to triumph)
a.
¡Juntos venceremos la Copa Mundial!Together we will win the World Cup!
b.
"¡Venceremos!", gritaron los soldados al asaltar el campo de batalla."We will be victorious!", shouted the soldiers as they stormed the battlefield.
4. (to cease to be valid)
a.
Mi pasaporte vence el año que viene.My passport expires next year.
vencerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to collapse)
a.
Esta viga se está venciendo bajo el peso del edificio.This beam is giving way under the weight of the building.
6. (to cease to be valid)
a.
Mi licencia se vence este fin de semana así que mañana voy para renovarlo. My license expires this weekend so tomorrow I'm going in to renew it.