Quick answer
"Disponer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to arrange", and "gravar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to tax". Learn more about the difference between "disponer" and "gravar" below.
disponer(
dees
-
poh
-
nehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to place)
a. to arrange
Hemos dispuesto los libros por género y entonces autor.We've arranged the books by genre and then author.
b. to set out
Les pedimos a los niños que dispusieran los cubiertos antes de la cena.We asked the children to set out the silverware before dinner.
2. (to determine)
a. to stipulate
La ley dispone que los dueños de carro deben pagar un impuesto anual.The law stipulates that car owners must pay an annual tax.
b. to decree
La juez dispuso que el demandado le pagara mil dólares a su vecino.The judge decreed that the defendant pay his neighbor a thousand dollars.
3. (to make ready)
a. to get ready
Pasamos el día disponiendo la casa para la llegada de los huéspedes.We spent the day getting the house ready for the guests' arrival.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to have at one's disposal)
a. to have
El hotel dispone de cuatro salas de conferencias y un centro de negocios.The hotel has four conference rooms and a business center.
5. (to use)
a. to make use of
No puede disponer de los fondos hasta que termine la investigación.She cannot make use of the funds until the investigation finishes.
disponerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to make ready)
a. to prepare
Mis padres en estos días se están disponiendo a emprender un viaje a África.My parents are currently preparing to take a trip to Africa.
b. to get ready
Nos dispusimos a ir a la fiesta.We got ready to go to the party.
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gravar(
grah
-
bahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to impose a tax on)
a. to tax
El país grava las importaciones de los Estados miembros.The country taxes imports from Member States.
b. to levy a tax on
Gravar las bebidas alcohólicas para recaudar más dinero no tiene muchos apoyos.Levying a tax on alcoholic drinks to increase receipts is not widely supported.
c. to mortgage (real estate)
El gobierno está estudiando a gravar las viviendas vacías.The government is considering mortgaging empty homes.
2. (to overload)
a. to burden
El mantenimiento de un coche grava mucho los gastos mensuales de una familia.The maintenance of a car burdens much of the monthly expenses of a family.
gravarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to worsen)
Regionalism used in Nicaragua
(Nicaragua)
a. to get worse
El estado del paciente se gravó pese a estar en cuidados intensivos.The patient's state got worse despite being in intensive care.
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