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Quick answer
"Discutir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to argue", and "soñar con" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to dream about". Learn more about the difference between "discutir" and "soñar con" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to fight verbally)
a. to argue
Mi hermano y su esposa discuten todo el tiempo.My brother and his wife argue all the time.
b. to quarrel
Vimos una pareja en la calle discutiendo.We saw a couple quarreling in the street.
2. (to talk about)
a. to discuss
La pareja discutió con el sacerdote sobre sus votos.The couple discussed their vows with the priest.
3. (to answer back)
a. to talk back
¡No discutas! Solo haz lo que te pido.Don't talk back! Just do what I tell you.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to debate)
a. to discuss
Los panelistas discutieron el tema de la violencia en las escuelas.The panelists discussed the topic of violence in schools.
5. (to question)
a. to challenge
Los senadores discutieron la decisión que había tomado el presidente.The senators challenged the decision made by the president.
b. to dispute
El general discutió el uso de las armas nucleares.The general disputed the use of nuclear weapons.
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soñar con(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to have dreams about)
a. to dream about
Soñaba con ella todas las noches.I dreamed about her every night.
b. to dream of
Muy a menudo sueño con volar.I very often dream of flying.
c. to dream
Ayer soñé con que me perdía en un bosque.Last night I dreamt I got lost in a forest.
2. (to imagine)
a. to dream of
Janis sueña con convertirse en estrella del rock.Janis dreams of becoming a rock star.
b. to dream about
Aquella no era la India con que Ghandi había soñado.That wasn't the India Ghandi had dreamt about.
c. to dream
En la universidad soñaba con tener mi propia casa y un buen trabajo.When I was at university, I used to dream I had my own house and a good job.
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