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Quick answer
"Discutir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to argue", and "pelearse" is a reciprocal verb which is often translated as "to fight". Learn more about the difference between "discutir" and "pelearse" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to fight verbally)
a. to argue
Mi hermano y su esposa discuten todo el tiempo.My brother and his wife argue all the time.
b. to quarrel
Vimos una pareja en la calle discutiendo.We saw a couple quarreling in the street.
2. (to talk about)
a. to discuss
La pareja discutió con el sacerdote sobre sus votos.The couple discussed their vows with the priest.
3. (to answer back)
a. to talk back
¡No discutas! Solo haz lo que te pido.Don't talk back! Just do what I tell you.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to debate)
a. to discuss
Los panelistas discutieron el tema de la violencia en las escuelas.The panelists discussed the topic of violence in schools.
5. (to question)
a. to challenge
Los senadores discutieron la decisión que había tomado el presidente.The senators challenged the decision made by the president.
b. to dispute
El general discutió el uso de las armas nucleares.The general disputed the use of nuclear weapons.
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A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
1. (to physically fight)
a. to fight
Si se van a pelear, es mejor que lo hagan en el cuadrilátero.If you guys are going to fight, it's better if you do it in the ring.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to brawl)
a. to fight
Niños, por favor, dejen de pelear.Children, please stop fighting.
3. (to have an argument)
a. to argue
No se llevan muy bien; siempre están peleando por algo.They don't get along very well; they're always arguing about something.
b. to fight
No voy a ponerme a pelear contigo - no vale la pena.I'm not going to fight with you - it's not worth it.
4. (to strive)
a. to struggle
Sol ha peleado durante años para mantener a su familia.Sol has struggled for years to support her family.
5. (to contend with)
a. to compete
Las dos finalistas pelearon por la gloria en el concurso de comer perros calientes.The two finalists competed for glory in the hot dog eating contest.
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