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Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a phrase which is often translated as "I'm sorry", and "si" is a conjunction which is often translated as "if". Learn more about the difference between "disculpe" and "si" below.
disculpe
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used as part of a statement; imperative; second person singular)
a. I'm sorry
Disculpe por la espera, tenía una llamada importante que atender.I'm sorry to keep you waiting; I had an important call to take.
b. sorry
Disculpe que la interrumpa, profesora Sanders, pero ¿desde cuándo es válida la teoría que menciona?Sorry to interrupt, professor Sanders, but since when is the theory you mention a valid one?
c. excuse
Disculpe mi ignorancia, pero ¿las cataratas del Niágara son estadounidenses o canadienses?Excuse my ignorance, but is Niagara Falls in the United States or Canada?
d. pardon
Disculpe si soy muy directo, pero la atención al cliente en esta tienda es de lo peor que he visto.Pardon my bluntness, but the customer service in this store is the worst I’ve ever seen.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used as a stand-alone statement; imperative; second person singular)
a. excuse me
Disculpe, caballero. ¿Tiene usted fuego?Excuse me, sir. Do you have a light?
b. I'm sorry
Disculpe, señora. No era mi intención herir sus sentimientos.I'm sorry, ma'am. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings.
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si(
see
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (with conditional clauses)
a. if
Si llueve mañana, cancelaremos el picnic.If it rains tomorrow, we will cancel the picnic.
2. (with indirect questions)
a. whether
Preguntó si me estaba divirtiendo.He asked whether I was enjoying myself.
b. if
Paco quiere saber si Laura también va a asistir.Paco wants to know if Laura is also going to attend.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (musical note)
a. B
Primero lo oí en si menor.I first heard it played in B minor.
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