Quick answer
"Dio" is a form of "dar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to give". "Vio" is a form of "ver", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to see". Learn more about the difference between "dio" and "vio" below.
dar(
dahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to hand over)
a. to give
Dame las llaves.Give me the keys.
b. to have
¿Me das una libra de queso y dos libras de jamón?Can I have one pound of cheese and two pounds of ham?
2. (to generate)
a. to give
Necesito que me des una idea para el tema de la fiesta.I need you to give me a good idea for the party's theme.
b. to yield
Este tratamiento da buenos resultados.This treatment yields good results.
c. to produce
Este manzano da más manzanas de las que podríamos comer.This apple tree produces more apples than we can possibly eat.
d. to bear (fruit)
Los perales dan peras.Pear trees bear pears.
3. (to celebrate)
a. to hold
Esta es la lista de los eventos que se dieron este mes.This is the list of events held this month.
b. to have
Mi compañía da una fiesta de Navidad todos los años.My company has a Christmas party every year.
c. to throw
Le dieron una fiesta sorpresa para celebrar su graduación.They threw him a surprise party to celebrate his graduation.
4. (to educate)
a. to teach
No dan mi asignatura favorita en la escuela.My favorite subject is not taught in school.
5. (to apply)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Le voy a dar otra capa de barniz a esta mesa.I'm going to give this table another coat of varnish.
Esta pared necesita que le des otra pasada de pintura.This wall needs another coat of paint.
6. (to grant)
a. to award
Me dieron una beca para ir a la universidad.I was awarded a scholarship to go to university.
7. (to lend)
a. to give (a pleasant taste)
La hoja de laurel le da un sabor único a la sopa.Bay leaf gives a unique taste to the soup.
8. (to express)
a. to say (thanks or greetings)
Sra. García, le quiero dar las gracias por una cena magnífica.Mrs. García, I just want to say thank you for a wonderful dinner.
b. to give
El Día de Acción de Gracias es un día para dar las gracias por todo lo que tenemos.Thanksgiving Day is a day to give thanks for all that we have.
9. (to perform an action)
a. to take
¿Quieres dar un paseo por el río?Would you like to take a walk by the river?
10. (card games)
a. to deal
¿Quién va a dar esta ronda?Who's going to deal this round?
11. (film, theater, television)
a. to show
El cine independiente está dando un maratón de películas clásicas.The independent movie theater is showing a classic film marathon.
12. (to sound)
a. to strike (clock)
El reloj dio las doce de la noche y Cenicienta huyó del palacio.The clock struck midnight and Cinderella fled the palace.
13. (to make feel)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No puedo tomar café caliente en este clima; me da demasiado calor.I can't drink hot coffee in this weather; it makes me too hot.
Me da miedo quedarme sola en la casa.I get scared staying at home alone.
14. (to regard; used with "por")
a. to consider
Necesito que termines el proyecto. - Dalo por hecho.I need you to finish the project. - Consider it done.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to spoil)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to ruin
Me dio la película al decirme el final.He ruined the movie for me when he spoiled the ending.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
16. (to happen suddenly)
a. to feel
Me dieron ganas de vomitar cuando vi el insecto en mi comida.I felt like throwing up when I saw the bug in my food.
b. to have
Al papá de Gabriela le dio un derrame cerebral.Gabriela's father had a stroke.
17. (to matter)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¿Quieres ir a la playa o a la piscina? - Me da lo mismo.Do you want to go to the beach or to the pool? - It's all the same to me.
Me da igual si comemos pasta o pescado esta noche.It doesn't matter to me whether we have pasta or fish tonight.
18. (to be oriented towards)
a. to overlook
El balcón del hotel da hacia el mar.The hotel balcony overlooks the ocean.
b. to face
Mi apartamento da hacia el sur.My apartment faces south.
c. to look onto
El restaurante da al parque.The restaurant looks onto the park.
19. (to activate)
a. to press
Da al botón para prender la computadora.Press the button to turn on the computer.
20. (to strike)
a. to hit
El boxeador le dio en la cara a su oponente y ganó la pelea.The boxer hit his opponent in the face and won the fight.
b. to kick (a ball)
Trató de darle a la bola pero falló.She tried to kick the ball but missed.
21. (to discover)
a. to find
Después de años de investigación, por fin dio con la solución.After years of research, she finally found the solution.
b. to hit upon
Hasta el día de hoy, nadie ha dado con la respuesta al acertijo.So far, no one has hit upon the answer to the riddle.
c. to come up with
El equipo aún no ha dado con una solución al problema.The team still hasn't come up with a solution to the problem.
22. (to be inclined)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Desde que supo que consiguió el trabajo, le ha dado con ir de compras todo el tiempo.Ever since he found out that he got the job, he's taken to nonstop shopping.
Me ha dado con tomarme una copa de vino con la cena.I've started having a glass of wine with my dinner.
23. (to be sufficient; used with "para")
a. to be enough
No sé si esta pizza dará para todos.I'm not sure if this pizza will be enough for everyone.
24. (to motivate)
a. to give
Los sucesos de hoy me dieron qué pensar.Today's events have given me something to think about.
25. (to shine)
a. to hit
De este ángulo el sol me da en los ojos y no puedo ver.From this angle, the sun hits my eyes and I can't see.
26. (card games)
a. to deal
Ya el repartido dio, así que te toca jugar.The dealer already dealt so it's your turn to play.
darse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
27. (to thrive)
a. to grow
Esta variedad de lechuga se da en cualquier sitio.This lettuce variety can grow anywhere.
28. (to bash; used with "con")
a. to hit
Me di en el codo con la mesa y ahora está dormido.I hit my elbow on the table and now it's numb.
b. to crash
Por estar texteando mientras conducía, se dio contra la pared del túnel.He crashed into the tunnel wall because he was texting while driving.
c. to bump
Prende la luz, que no me quiero dar con la esquina de la cama.Turn on the light; I don't want to bump into the corner of the bed.
29. (to occur)
a. to happen
Una luna de sangre no se da muy a menudo.A blood moon doesn't happen that often.
b. to present itself
Una oportunidad así no se da muy a menudo.Such an opportunity does not present itself very often.
30. (to start)
a. to take to
Estoy preocupado porque Javier se ha dado a fumar demasiado.I'm worried because Javier has taken to smoking too much.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
31. (to hurt oneself)
a. to hit oneself
Me di en la cabeza contra el marco de la ventana.I hit myself on the head on the window frame.
32. (to surrender)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to give up
Vas a perder, ¿te das?You are going to lose. Do you give up?
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ver(
behr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to perceive with the eyes)
a. to see
¿Quieres ver mi carro nuevo?Do you want to see my new car?
2. (to observe)
a. to watch
Se sentaron en el sofá a ver su programa de televisión favorito.They sat on the sofa to watch their favorite television program.
b. to look at
Me gusta ir a ver los cuadros en el museo.I like to go look at paintings in the museum.
c. to see
He leído el libro, pero no he visto la película. ¿Es buena?I've read the book but haven't seen the movie. Is it any good?
3. (to notice)
a. to see
¿Tú ves la diferencia entre esta camisa y la azul?Do you see the difference between this shirt and the blue one?
4. (to verify)
a. to see
Ve a ver quién está en la puerta.Go see who's at the door.
b. to check
Tengo que ver cuánto dinero tengo en el banco.I have to see how much money I have in the bank.
5. (to be witness to)
a. to see
Este campo vio la muerte de muchos durante la guerra.This field saw the death of many during the war.
b. to witness
Esta ciudad ha visto tiempos buenos y malos.This city has witnessed good times and bad.
c. to live through
Mi abuelo ha visto cuatro guerras y sigue siendo optimista.My grandfather has lived through four wars, and he's still an optimist.
6. (to recognize)
a. to see
No le veo nada de chistoso a esto.I don't see anything funny about this.
7. (to comprehend)
a. to see
¿Ves lo que te digo?Do you see what I'm saying?
b. to understand
No veo por qué tengo que trabajar.I don't understand why I have to work.
8. (to picture)
a. to see
No la veo viviendo en otro país.I can't see her living in another country.
b. to imagine
Todavía los puedo ver como si fuera ayer.I can still imagine you guys like it was yesterday.
9. (to meet)
a. to see
Voy a ver al doctor esta tarde.I'm going to see the doctor this afternoon.
b. to meet with
Tienes que ver al cliente mañana.You have to meet with the client tomorrow.
10. (legal)
a. to hear
Tu caso se verá en el tribunal el mes entrante.Your case will be heard in court next month.
b. to try
El caso de la Mataviejitas será visto en el capital.The case of the Old Lady Killer will be tried in the capital.
11. (to study)
a. to look at
El semestre que viene veremos el impacto de las empresas sobre el medioambiente.Next semester we will look at the impact of companies on the environment.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to perceive with the eyes)
a. to see
Amanecí esta mañana y no podía ver.I woke up this morning and I couldn't see.
13. (to observe)
a. to watch
Mamá, ¡ve! Puedo manejar el carro yo solito.Mom, watch! I can drive the car all by myself.
14. (to verify)
a. to see
¿Tenemos papel sanitario? Déjame ver.Do we have toilet paper? Let me see.
15. (to consider)
a. to see
¿Podemos ir a la playa mañana? - Veremos.Can we go to the beach tomorrow? - We'll see.
16. (to comprehend)
a. to see
¿Ya ves? - No, no veo. Explícame de nuevo la situación.You see? - No, I don't see. Explain the situation to me again.
17. (to try; used with "de")
a. to see about
Veremos de arreglar el fregadero mañana.We'll see about fixing the sink tomorrow.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
18. (appearance)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Ese actor no es de mal ver, pero a mí no me gusta.That actor isn't bad-looking, but I don't find him attractive.
¿Cómo es tu prima? - Es inteligente, trabajadora, y además tiene buen ver.What's your cousin like? - She's smart, hardworking, and she's also good-looking.
19. (opinion)
a. view
Bueno, en mi ver, la educación debe ser gratis para todos.Well, in my view, education should be free for everyone.
verse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
20. (to view oneself)
a. to see oneself
Me quiero ver en el espejo a ver cómo me queda el corte de pelo.I want to see myself in the mirror to see how my haircut looks.
21. (to imagine oneself)
a. to see oneself
No me veo trabajando aquí de por vida.I don't see myself working here for the rest of my life.
b. to picture oneself
No me puedo ver casado.I don't picture myself married.
22. (to be in a situation)
a. to find oneself
Él se vio rodeado de enemigos.He found himself surrounded by enemies.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
23. (to seem)
a. to look
¿Te hiciste algo? ¡Te ves fantástica!Is there something different about you? You look fantastic!
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
24. (to meet up with)
a. to see each other
Nos vimos en la fiesta de anoche.We saw each other at last night's party.
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