Quick answer
"Aventuras" is a form of "aventurar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to risk". "Desventura" is a noun which is often translated as "misfortune". Learn more about the difference between "desventura" and "aventuras" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (general)
a. misfortune
Miguel tuvo la desventura de quedarse ciego a los cinco años.Miguel suffered the misfortune of going blind when he was five.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to chance)
a. to risk
Miguel aventuró sus ahorros por jugar en el casino.Miguel risked his savings to play in the casino.
b. to stake
Invertir dinero en bolsa a veces supone aventurar tu dinero.Investing money in the stock market means staking your money.
2. (to put forward)
a. to venture
Los medios no deberían aventurar los motivos de la dimisión del presidente.The media should not venture reasons for the president's resignation.
b. to speculate
Los expertos aventuran que en unos años podremos hacer turismo espacial.Experts speculate that in a few years we'll be able to engage in space tourism.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to take a chance)
a. to take a risk
El estudiante se aventuró a contestar preguntas que no sabía y por eso suspendió el examen.The student took a risk at answering questions he didn't know the answer to and ended up failing the exam.
b. to venture
Si no tienes estabilidad económica, no te aventures a comprar una casa.If you do not have financial stability, do not venture to buy a house.
c. to dare
Laura se aventuró a tener una relación con un hombre casado y la cosa acabó muy mal.Laura dared to have a relationship with a married man and it ended up badly.
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