Quick answer
"Después" is an adverb which is often translated as "after", and "antes" is an adverb which is often translated as "before". Learn more about the difference between "después" and "antes" below.
después(
dehs
-
pwehs
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (indicating time)
a. after
Llamé a mis papás justo después de comprometerme.I called my parents just after getting engaged.
b. later
Iré de compras después pero ahora tengo que estudiar.I'll go shopping later but now I have to study.
c. afterwards
¿Podemos ir al parque después? Ahora quiero descansar.Can we go to the park afterwards? I want to rest now.
2. (indicating sequence)
a. then
¿Y después qué pasó?And then what happened?
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antes(
ahn
-
tehs
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (time)
a. before
Me lo podrías haber enseñado antes.You could have showed it to me before.
b. earlier
Hoy podré irme a la cama un poco antes.Today I can go to bed a little earlier.
c. soon
Quiero verte cuanto antes.I want to see you as soon as possible.
2. (location)
a. before
Descubrí quién era el asesino diez páginas antes del final.I discovered who the murderer was ten pages before the end.
Me bajo una parada antes que la tuya.I get off one stop before yours.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (preference)
a. rather
Antes que salir a cenar fuera, prefiero comer aquí.Rather than going out to dinner, I'd prefer to eat here.
b. sooner
Antes me quedo soltera que casarme con él.I would sooner be single than marry him.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (precedent)
a. before
Tenemos que preparar la reunión el día antes.We have to prepare the meeting the day before.
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