Quick answer
"Después" is an adverb which is often translated as "after", and "segundo" is an adjective which is often translated as "second". Learn more about the difference between "después" and "segundo" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (indicating time)
a. after
Llamé a mis papás justo después de comprometerme.I called my parents just after getting engaged.
b. later
Iré de compras después pero ahora tengo que estudiar.I'll go shopping later but now I have to study.
c. afterwards
¿Podemos ir al parque después? Ahora quiero descansar.Can we go to the park afterwards? I want to rest now.
2. (indicating sequence)
a. then
¿Y después qué pasó?And then what happened?
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. second
La segunda vez que viajé a España, terminé quedándome por tres años.The second time I traveled to Spain, I ended up staying for three years.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (unit of time)
a. second
Hay sesenta segundos en un minuto.There are sixty seconds in a minute.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
3. (second-in-command)
a. deputy
La gerente no está aquí, pero pueden hablar con su segundo.The manager isn't here, but you can speak with her deputy.
4. (after the first)
a. second one
Escucha, el primero es el mío y el segundo es el tuyo.Listen, the first one is mine and the second one is yours.
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