Quick answer
"Después" is an adverb which is often translated as "after", and "primero" is an adjective which is often translated as "first". Learn more about the difference between "después" and "primero" below.
después(
dehs
-
pwehs
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (indicating time)
a. after
Llamé a mis papás justo después de comprometerme.I called my parents just after getting engaged.
b. later
Iré de compras después pero ahora tengo que estudiar.I'll go shopping later but now I have to study.
c. afterwards
¿Podemos ir al parque después? Ahora quiero descansar.Can we go to the park afterwards? I want to rest now.
2. (indicating sequence)
a. then
¿Y después qué pasó?And then what happened?
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primero(
pree
-
meh
-
roh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (position)
a. first
Los países se enumeran en la primera fila de la tabla.The countries are listed in the first row of the table.
2. (in time)
a. first
El partido se canceló tras el primer tiempo.The match was canceled after the first half.
3. (principal)
a. main
Nuestro primer objetivo es reducir gastos.Our main objective is to reduce expenses.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (in a series)
a. first
Primero oí la explosión y luego vi el fuego.First I heard the explosion and then I saw the fire.
5. (indicating preference)
a. rather
Primero me muero antes de montar esa montaña rusa.I'd rather die than go on that roller coaster.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
6. (indicating superiority)
a. the best
Era el primero en matemáticas en séptimo grado.I was the best in mathematics in seventh grade.
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