Quick answer
"Despega" is a form of "despegar", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to take off". "Aterriza" is a form of "aterrizar", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to land". Learn more about the difference between "despega" and "aterriza" below.
despegar(
dehs
-
peh
-
gahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to lift off)
a. to take off
El avión despegó a las tres en punto.The plane took off at exactly three o'clock.
2. (to be successful)
a. to take off
La compañía despegó después de realizar su nuevo producto.The company took off after releasing its new product.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to detach)
a. to unstick
Necesitas despegar las dos páginas mojadas.You need to unstick the two wet pages.
despegarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to come off)
a. to become unstuck
La mariposa se ​​despegó de la telaraña y se fue volando.The butterfly became unstuck from the spiderweb and flew away.
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aterrizar(
ah
-
teh
-
rree
-
sahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to return to the ground)
a. to land
El avión aterrizó antes de lo previsto.The plane landed earlier than expected.
b. to touch down
El avión aterrizó en Hawai tras 12 horas de vuelo.The aircraft touched down in Hawaii after a 12-hour flight.
2. (to fall)
a. to land
La mosca aterrizó en mi sopa.The fly landed in my soup.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to appear unexpectedly)
a. to turn up
Mis primos aterrizaron por casa para hablar con mi padre.My cousins turned up at our house to talk to my father.
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