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"Desmontar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to dismantle", and "desarmar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to disarm". Learn more about the difference between "desmontar" and "desarmar" below.
desmontar(
dehs
-
mohn
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to break down)
a. to dismantle
El fontanero desmontó la cisterna para arreglarla.The plumber dismantled the toilet tank to fix it.
b. to take apart
Para meter la silla en el coche, primero hay que desmontarla.We have to take the chair apart before putting it in the car.
c. to strip down (motor)
El mecánico tuvo que desmontar el motor del coche.The mechanic had to strip the car engine down.
d. to take down (tent)
Nos costó una hora a desmontar la tienda de campaña antes de volver del camping.It took us one hour to take the tent down before we came back from camping.
e. uncock (weapon)
Pregunté al instructor si para desmontar la pistola había que descargarla.I asked the instructor if I had to unload the gun to be able to uncock it.
f. to take to pieces
Mi esposo desmontó mi computador para tratar de arreglarlo.My husband took my computer to pieces trying to fix it.
2. (to take someone off a horse)
a. to unseat
Me hice daño en la pierna cuando un mal salto me desmontó del caballo.I hurt my leg when a bad jump unseated me from the horse.
b. to throw
El caballo salvaje trató desmontar al jinete que lo domaba.The bronco horse tried to throw the horseman who was taming it.
3. (to remove trees)
a. to level
Para construir en este terreno el primer paso es desmontarlo.The first step to build on this terrain is to level it.
b. to clear (to remove the trees)
Desmontamos la zona para que no quedara ni un solo árbol.We cleared the area so that there was not a single tree left.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to get off)
a. to dismount
El peón del establo ayudo a Emily a desmontar del caballo.The stable hand helped Emily dismount from the horse.
desmontarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to be dismantled)
a. to come apart
El castillo de juguete se desmontaba fácilmente.The toy castle came apart easily.
6. (to get down)
a. to dismount
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Lo más difícil cuando empecé a montar a caballo era desmontarme.The most difficult part when I started riding was to dismount.
b. to get off
Desmóntate de la bici y ven a ayudarme.Get off your bike and come here to help me.
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desarmar(
dehs
-
ahr
-
mahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to take away the weapons of)
a. to disarm
Un policía de civil desarmó al ladrón.An off-duty police officer disarmed the robber.
2. (to disassemble)
a. to dismantle
El armario va a pasar por la puerta si lo desarmamos.The wardrobe will fit through the door if we dismantle it.
b. to take apart
Desarmé la maqueta de plástico y pinté las partes por separado.I took apart the plastic model and I painted the pieces separately.
c. to take to pieces
Ruy desarmó el tren de juguete para ver cómo funciona.Ruy took the toy train to pieces to see how it works.
d. to take down (a tent)
Los andinistas desarmaron la tienda y comenzaron a caminar.The mountain climbers took down the tent and started walking.
e. to break up
Juliana desarmó el rompecabezas para armarlo de nuevo.Juliana broke up the puzzle to put it together again.
3. (to win over)
a. to disarm
Mi rival en el debate me desarmó con pruebas irrefutables.My rival in the debate disarmed me by presenting irrefutable evidence.
4. (to appease)
a. to calm
Estaba hecho una furia pero mi novia me abrazó y me desarmó.I was in a rage but my girlfriend hugged me and calmed me.
b. to placate
El gerente desarmó al cliente furioso al ofrecerle un descuento generoso.The manager placated the angry customer with a generous discount.
desarmarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to reduce armaments)
a. to disarm
Ambos países se desarmaron tras firmar el tratado de paz.Both countries disarmed after signing the peace treaty.
6. (to disassemble)
a. to come apart
La aspiradora de mano se desarma fácilmente para su limpieza.The handheld vacuum cleaner comes apart easily for cleaning.
b. to fall to pieces
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
La vieja tumbona de madera se desarma cuando me tiendo en ella.The old wooden deck chair falls to pieces when I lie down on it.
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