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Quick answer
"Designar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to appoint", and "asignar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to assign". Learn more about the difference between "designar" and "asignar" below.
designar(
deh
-
seeg
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to assign a position)
a. to appoint
Me ascendieron y me designaron gerente de operaciones.I was promoted and appointed operations manager.
b. to designate
El juez designará un tutor para el niño.The judge will designate a tutor for the child.
c. to name
La exestrella de fútbol fue designada entrenador de la selección.The former soccer star was named coach of the national team.
2. (to determine)
a. to fix
Habla con la secretaria para designar una fecha para la cirugía.Talk to the secretary to fix a date for the surgery.
b. to set
El director de finanzas todavía no designó un presupuesto para el año que viene.The director of finance hasn't set a budget for next year yet.
3. (to put a name to)
a. to give the name
El cachorro regordito fue designado "Sr. Chonchis".The chubby puppy was given the name "Mr. Chubs."
b. to denote
La palabra "minimalismo" designa a un estilo artístico, pero también a un estilo de vida.The word "minimalism" denotes both a style and a way of living.
c. to refer to
Al profesor González lo designamos "el Dictador".We refer to professor González as "the Dictator."
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asignar(
ah
-
seeg
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to award)
a. to assign
A Julia le asignaron la responsabilidad de cuidar de su hermana menor.Julia was assigned the responsibility of taking care of her younger sister.
b. to allocate (resources)
El estado asignará más fondos a la educación.The government will allocate more funds to education.
c. to ascribe (value)
¿Cómo podemos asignarle valor a los bienes intangibles?How can we ascribe value to intangible goods?
2. (to name)
a. to appoint
Lo asignaron embajador por su amplia experiencia en política internacional.He was appointed ambassador for his vast experience in international politics.
b. to designate
La maestra de español fue asignada directora de la escuela.The Spanish teacher was designated principal.
c. to assign
El tribunal te asignará a un abogado si no puedes costearte uno.The court will assign you a lawyer if you can't afford one.
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