Quick answer
"Deshacer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to undo", and "hacer" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to do". Learn more about the difference between "deshacer" and "hacer" below.
deshacer(
dehs
-
ah
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to take apart)
a. to undo
¿Me puedes ayudar a deshacer las trenzas que me hicieron en la playa?Can you help me undo the braids I got done on the beach?
b. to untie
Hay que deshacer las cuerdas antes de descargar.We must untie the ropes before unloading.
c. to strip (bed)
Por favor deshaz la cama para que pueda lavar las sábanas.Please strip the bed so I can wash the sheets.
d. to unpick
No vas a poder deshacer esos nudos sin alguna herramienta.You're not going to be able to undo those knots without some kind of tool.
e. to unwrap
La abuela ayudó a su nieta a deshacer los regalos.The grandmother helped her granddaughter unwrap the gifts.
f. to break up
Puedes deshacer la tierra con los dedos antes de poner las semillas.You can break up the soil with your fingers before putting in the seeds.
g. to cut up (meat)
El carnicero deshizo el bistec.The butcher cut up the beefsteak.
h. to unpack
Voy a deshacer la maleta mañana porque estoy bien cansada hoy.I'm going to unpack my suitcase tomorrow because I'm really tired today.
2. (to change form)
a. to melt
El calentamiento global está deshaciendo los casquetes polares.Global warming is melting the polar ice caps.
b. to dissolve
El agua deshará esta tableta.Water will dissolve this tablet.
3. (to defeat)
a. to rout
Las tropas alemanas deshicieron a los belgas en Liege.German troops routed the Belgians at Liege.
4. (to harm)
a. to ruin
¿Por qué tuviste que deshacer la fuerte de almohadas que hice?Why did you have to ruin the pillow fort that I made?
b. to mess up
Si lavo los trastes en este momento, desharé mi manicura.If I wash the dishes right now, I'll mess up my manicure.
c. to destroy
Los adolescentes deshicieron el castillo de arena de los niñitos.The teenagers destroyed the little kids' sandcastle.
d. to wear away
La brisa salada del mar deshizo la pintura de las casas.The salty sea breeze wore away the paint on the houses.
5. (to upset)
a. to devastate
Las noticias del choque deshicieron a las familias de las víctimas.News of the crash devastated the victims' families.
b. to shatter
La tormenta eléctrica deshizo sus ilusiones de tener la boda perfecta.The thunderstorm shattered her dreams of having the perfect wedding.
c. to tear apart
"¡Me están deshaciendo!" gritó el adolescente."You're tearing me apart!" screamed the teenage boy.
6. (to annul)
a. to break
Deshicieron el contrato porque su abogado dijo que los términos eran injustos.They broke the contract because their lawyer said the terms were unfair.
b. to dissolve
Los socios deshicieron la asociación después del escándalo.The partners dissolved the association after the scandal.
deshacerse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to come apart)
a. to come undone
Mi peinado se deshizo con el viento.My hair came undone because of the wind.
b. to come untied
Tus agujetas se han deshecho. Your shoes have come untied.
c. to mess up
Mi cabello se deshace con este viento. My hair is getting messed up because of this wind.
8. (to change form)
a. to dissolve
Este polvo se deshará en alcohol. This powder will dissolve in alcohol.
b. to melt
La mantequilla se deshace en la cazuela. The butter melts in the pan.
9. (to become upset)
a. to go to pieces
Se deshizo Tony cuando se separaron. Tony went to pieces when they broke up.
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hacer(
ah
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to complete)
a. to do
Haz los deberes.Do your homework.
2. (to produce)
a. to make
Hice la comida de mis hijos.I made my children's lunch.
b. to prepare
Nos reuniremos este fin de semana para hacer la presentación.We will meet this weekend to prepare the presentation.
3. (to create)
a. to make
Hoy les enseñaré a hacer su propio sitio web.Today I'll show you how to make your own website.
4. (to carry out)
a. to make
Estoy ocupado haciendo los preparativos para la fiesta.I'm busy making preparations for the party.
5. (used in place of another verb)
a. to do
Me mandó que lavara los platos pero ya lo había hecho.He told me to wash the dishes but I had already done it.
6. (to acquire)
a. to make
Hizo una nueva amiga en el colegio.He made a new friend at school.
7. (to cause)
a. to make
La hizo llorar.He made her cry.
8. (to imagine)
a. to think
Hacía la casa sola.I thought there was nobody at home.
9. (to transform)
a. to make
El dolor hizo mi vida miserable.The pain made my life a misery.
10. (to obey)
a. to do
Haz lo que te digo.Do as I say.
11. (to cause to look)
a. to make look
Ese peinado te hace más vieja.That hairstyle makes you look older.
12. (to behave)
a. to act
¡No hagas el mono en el colegio!Don't act the fool at school!
13. (to gross)
a. to make
Se dice que el doctor hace hasta seis cifras.They say the doctor makes at least six figures.
b. to earn
Mi hermanito hizo una fortuna vendiendo limonada.My little brother earned a fortune selling lemonade.
14. (to take time)
a. to take
Les hizo dos semanas manejar a California.It took them two weeks to drive to California.
15. (to cover distance)
a. to do
Hicimos 150 millas en el último viaje.We did 150 miles on the last vacation.
b. to cover
Podemos hacer más distancia si salimos de noche.We can cover more distance if we leave at night.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
16. (time)
a. it has been
Hace mucho tiempo que no te veo.It has been a long time since I've seen you.
17. (weather)
a. to be
En invierno hace frío.It's cold in winter.
hacerse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
18. (to create for oneself)
a. to make for oneself
Se hizo un vestido de seda.She made herself a silk dress.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
19. (to feign)
a. to pretend
No te hagas el santo; tú también te equivocas.Don't pretend to be a saint; you make mistakes, too.
b. to act
No te hagas el tonto conmigo.Don't act the fool with me.
20. (to turn into)
a. to become
Su sueño era hacerse dentista.His dream was to become a dentist.
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