Quick answer
"Desgracia" is a noun which is often translated as "misfortune", and "corresponder" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to repay". Learn more about the difference between "desgracia" and "corresponder" below.
desgracia(
dehs
-
grah
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (ill fortune)
a. misfortune
Durante el vuelo, tuve la desgracia de estar sentado al lado de una persona que roncaba muy fuerte.During the flight, I had the misfortune of sitting next to somebody who snored really loudly.
b. bad luck
Esa vieja pintura que encontraste nos trajo solo desgracias. ¡Deshazte de ella ahora mismo!That old painting you found has brought us nothing but bad luck. Get rid of it immediately!
2. (instance of bad luck)
a. tragedy
¡Me dejé la cartera en casa y no tengo dinero para volver! ¡Qué desgracia!I left my purse at home and have no money to come back! What a tragedy!
b. disaster
La inundación fue una verdadera desgracia para los pobladores de la zona.The flood was a real disaster for the people who lived in the area.
3. (state of dishonor)
a. disgrace
López era la estrella del equipo hasta que cayó en desgracia por pegarle al árbitro.Lopez was the star of the team until he fell into disgrace for hitting a referee.
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corresponder(
koh
-
rrehs
-
pohn
-
dehr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to give in return)
a. to repay
Correspondí a su amabilidad con un regalo.I repayed their kindness with a present.
b. to return
Prometió corresponder a nuestra hospitalidad si algún día visitamos su ciudad.He promised to return our hospitality if one day we travelled to his city.
2. (to be incumbent)
a. to concern
Esa tarea te fue asignada a ti y no me corresponde a mí.That task was assigned to you and doesn't concern me.
b. to be one's job
A los meseros no les corresponde limpiar la cocina del restorán.Cleaning the restaurant kitchen is not the waiters' job.
c. to be for one to
No eres mi jefe. No te corresponde decirme lo que tengo que hacer.You're not my boss. It's not for you to tell me what to do.
3. (to requite love)
a. to love back
¿Por qué lloras? - Le confesé mi amor a Nicolás, pero él no me corresponde.Why are you crying? - I told Nicolás that I love him, but he doesn't love me back.
b. to return one's love
Siempre estuvo enamorado de Patricia, pero ella nunca le correspondió.He had always been in love with Patricia, but she never returned his love.
c. to feel the same way
Estoy enamorado de Ingrid, pero ella no me corresponde.I'm in love with Ingrid, but she doesn't feel the same way.
4. (to befit)
a. to be fitting
A los invitados no les corresponde actuar como anfitriones.It is not fitting for a guest to act as the host.
b. to be right
¿Corresponde dejarle propina al peluquero o no se estila?Is it right to give the hairdresser a tip or is it not a common practice?
c. to be appropriate
Esa película no corresponde a menores de edad.That movie is not appropriate for underage children.
5. (to be equivalent to)
a. to correspond to (mathematics)
Juan, ¿cuál es la respuesta del primer problema? - X corresponde a 14.What's the answer to the first problem, Juan? - X corresponds to 14.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to receive)
a. to get
A cada uno de los invitados les corresponde una habitación individual.Each one of the guests gets a single room.
b. to go to
El abogado de divorcio dijo que la casa le corresponde a mi exesposa.My divorce lawyer said the house goes to my ex-wife.
corresponderse
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
7. (to write to one another)
a. to correspond
Nos correspondemos desde que se mudó a Rusia.We have been corresponding since she moved to Russia.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to square)
a. to match
Esa vieja mesa de madera no se corresponde con la moderna sala de estar.That old wooden table doesn't match with the modern living room.
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