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Quick answer
"Desempeñar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to carry out", and "llenar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to fill". Learn more about the difference between "desempeñar" and "llenar" below.
desempeñar(
dehs
-
ehm
-
peh
-
ngahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to execute)
a. to carry out
El becario ha desempeñado todas sus tareas de manera eficiente.The intern has carried out all his assignments efficiently.
b. to hold
Actualmente, desempeña un puesto muy importante en la empresa.Currently, she holds a very important position in the company.
2. (to retrieve valuables)
a. to redeem
Si usted no desempeña su premio, lo revenderemos.If you fail to redeem your prize, we will resell it.
3. (theater)
a. to play
Mi primo desempeña el papel de Romeo.My cousin plays the part of Romeo.
desempeñarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to perform functions)
a. to work as
Me desempeñé como mesera para pagar la universidad.I worked as a waitress to pay for university.
5. (finances)
a. to get out of debt
Él se desempeñó temprano porque pagó más y más cada mes.He got out of debt early because he paid a little more each month.
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llenar(
yeh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make full)
a. to fill
¿No vas a llenar la tina antes de lavar el perro?Aren't you going to fill the bathtub before you wash the dog?
b. to fill up
Tienes que llenar el tanque de gasolina antes de entregar el carro rentado.You have to fill up the gas tank before you turn in the rental car.
2. (to occupy completely)
a. to fill
Los fans de los Pumas llenaron el Estadio Azteca antes del partido.The Pumas fans filled the Aztec Stadium before the game.
3. (to satisfy)
a. to fulfill
Si tu trabajo no te llena, deberías buscar otro.If your job doesn't fulfill you, you should look for another one.
4. (to make feel; used with "de")
a. to fill with
Tu manera de hablarme me llena de tristeza.Your way of speaking to me fills me with sadness.
5. (to heap upon; used with "de")
a. to shower
La llenaron de elogios cuando defendió su tesis de maestría.They showered her with accolades when she defended her master's degree thesis.
6. (to complete)
a. to fill out
Necesito que llenes este formulario antes de ver al doctor.I need you to fill out this form before the doctor sees you.
b. to fill in (United Kingdom)
Hay que llenar una solicitud para suscribirse al boletín.You have to fill in an application form to suscribe to the newsletter.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to satisfy hunger)
a. to be filling
Las ensaladas no llenan mucho, pero son buenas para la salud.Salads aren't very filling, but they're good for your health.
llenarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
8. (to become full)
a. to fill up
El centro siempre se llena el fin de semana antes de Navidad.Downtown always fills up the weekend before Christmas.
b. to get full
¿Ya se llenó la piscina? Llevas horas poniéndole agua.Has the pool gotten full yet? You've been putting water in it for hours.
9. (to eat a lot)
a. to fill up
Me llené de pan antes de la cena y no pude comer nada de pavo.I filled up on bread before dinner and couldn't eat any turkey at all.
10. (to get covered)
a. to be covered
Te llenaste las botas de lodo y nieve. ¡Sal a lavártelas!Your boots are covered in mud and snow. Go outside and wash them off!
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