Quick answer
"Desempeña" is a form of "desempeñar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to carry out". "Comporta" is a form of "comportar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to involve". Learn more about the difference between "desempeña" and "comporta" below.
desempeñar(
dehs
-
ehm
-
peh
-
ngahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to execute)
a. to carry out
El becario ha desempeñado todas sus tareas de manera eficiente.The intern has carried out all his assignments efficiently.
b. to hold
Actualmente, desempeña un puesto muy importante en la empresa.Currently, she holds a very important position in the company.
2. (to retrieve valuables)
a. to redeem
Si usted no desempeña su premio, lo revenderemos.If you fail to redeem your prize, we will resell it.
3. (theater)
a. to play
Mi primo desempeña el papel de Romeo.My cousin plays the part of Romeo.
desempeñarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
4. (to perform functions)
a. to work as
Me desempeñé como mesera para pagar la universidad.I worked as a waitress to pay for university.
5. (finances)
a. to get out of debt
Él se desempeñó temprano porque pagó más y más cada mes.He got out of debt early because he paid a little more each month.
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comportar(
kohm
-
pohr
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to imply)
a. to involve
Este curso comporta muchísima dedicación tan solo para aprobar.This course involves a lot of dedication just to even pass.
comportarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to act)
a. to behave
¿No te enteras de nada? Te emborrachaste y te comportaste como un imbécil.Don't you get anything? You got drunk and behaved like an idiot.
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