Quick answer
"Desconociendo" is a form of "desconocer", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to not know". "Orientar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to position". Learn more about the difference between "desconociendo" and "orientar" below.
desconocer(
dehs
-
koh
-
noh
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not have knowledge of)
a. to not know
Desconozco su domicilio actual.I don't know her current address.
2. (to not be familiar with)
a. to not know
Para los que desconocen a estos pintores, la exposición ofrece una oportunidad única.For those who don't know these painters, the exhibition offers a unique oportunity.
3. (to not identify)
a. to not recognize
Desconocí a tu mamá el día que me la encontré en el súper.I didn't recognize your mom the day I saw her in the supermarket.
4. (to not recognize as one's own)
a. to disown
El miedo empujó al testigo a desconocer la declaración que había hecho en el juicio.Fear pushed the witness into disowning his statement in the trial.
5. (to disregard)
a. to ignore
Los motivos que lo orillaron al crimen no deben desconocerse.The reasons that led him to commit the crime should not be ignored.
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orientar(
oh
-
ryehn
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to aim)
a. to position
Orienta la luz del reflector al portón de entrada.Position the spotlight towards the entrance gate.
b. to point
Elena orientó la cámara hacia los espectadores.Elena pointed the camera towards the audience.
c. to orient
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Para tener señal, orienta la antena al norte.To get a signal, orient the antenna toward the north.
d. to orientate (United Kingdom)
El piloto orientó la nave hacia el sur.The pilot orientated the plane towards the south.
2. (to help)
a. to guide
El ayudante de cátedra me orientó en mi investigación.The adjunct professor guided me in my research.
b. to give guidance
Recurrió a un yogui para que la orientara en su transformación espiritual.She reached a yogi to give her guidance in her spiritual transformation.
c. to orient
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
El director orientó al nuevo alumno hacia su aula.The principal oriented the new student to his classroom.
d. to orientate (United Kingdom)
El índice está para orientar al lector.The index helps to orientate the reader.
3. (to focus)
a. to direct
Orientaremos todo nuestro esfuerzo a crear un futuro mejor.We will direct all our efforts towards creating a better future.
4. (nautical)
a. to trim
¡Rápido! ¡Orienta las velas para aprovechar el viento!Hurry! Trim the sails to the wind!
orientarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to determine one's position)
a. to get one's bearings
Se cortó la luz, pero el portero pudo orientarse y salió del edificio.The power went out, but the super managed to get his bearings and leave the building.
b. to find one's way around
El niño que se extravió en el bosque finalmente se orientó y regresó a su casa.The child who got lost in the woods finally found his way around and walked home.
c. to orient oneself
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
El líder de la caravana se orientaba observando las estrellas.The caravan leader oriented himself by observing the stars.
d. to orientate oneself (United Kingdom)
No me pude orientar ni con un mapa ni con una brújula.Even with a map and a compass I couldn't orientate myself.
6. (to change position; used with "hacia")
a. to point at
Los cañones se orientaron hacia la fortaleza.The cannons pointed at the fortress.
b. to turn towards
Los girasoles se orientaron hacia el sol.The sunflowers turned towards the sun.
7. (to opt for; used with "a", "hacia," or "por")
a. to go in for
Yo estudié economía, pero mi hermano se orientó por la política.I studied economy, but my brother went in for politics.
b. to tend towards
El presidente se orienta más a la derecha que a la izquierda.The president tends more towards the right than the left.
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