Quick answer
"Descompuesto" is an adjective which is often translated as "broken", and "roto" is an adjective which is also often translated as "broken". Learn more about the difference between "descompuesto" and "roto" below.
descompuesto(
dehs
-
kohm
-
pwehs
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (out of order)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. broken
El teléfono está descompuesto y no puedo llamar.I can't call because the telephone is broken.
b. broken down
Estupendo, la camioneta está descompuesta y no tenemos celular.Perfect, the truck's broken down and we don't have a cell phone.
2. (indisposed)
a. sick
Si estás descompuesto, debes quedarte en cama y cuidarte con la comida.If you are sick, you should stay in bed and watch what you eat.
b. queasy (nausea)
Mi hijo pretende estar descompuesto para no ir a la escuela.My son pretends to be queasy so he can skip school.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Hace una hora que está en el baño porque está descompuesto.He's been in the bathroom for an hour because he has diarrhea.
Hoy no puedo ir a trabajar; estoy descompuesto.I can't go to work today; I have an upset stomach.
3. (putrefied)
a. rotten (fruit)
Las bananas están descompuestas, pero las manzanas todavía se pueden comer.The bananas are rotten, but the apples are still edible.
b. decomposed (corpse)
La policía tiró abajo la puerta y encontró el cuerpo descompuesto del anciano.The police broke down the door and found the decomposed body of the old man.
4. (upset)
a. distorted
Por su rostro descompuesto, parece que no quiere hablar con nadie.His distorted face suggests that he doesn't want to talk to anybody.
5. (drunk)
Regionalism used in Central America: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
(Central America)
Regionalism used in Puerto Rico
(Puerto Rico)
a. tipsy
Tengo una resaca horrible, pero anoche no estaba descompuesta.I have a terrible hangover, but I wasn't tipsy last night.
b. smashed
¿No recuerdas lo que hiciste anoche en el bar? - No, estaba descompuesto.You can't remember what you did last night at the bar? - No, I was smashed.
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roto(
rroh
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (in pieces)
a. broken
El palo que usé para tostar mi malvavisco está roto en dos.The stick I used for roasting marshmallows is broken in two.
2. (ripped)
a. torn
Me acabo de dar cuenta que mis pantalones estaban rotos en la entrepierna.I just realized that my pants were ripped at the crotch.
3. (damaged)
a. broken
Tengo el coche roto y todavía no lo he llevado al mecánico.My car is broken and I still haven't taken it to the mechanic.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (tear)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. hole
Tengo un roto en el vestido. Espero que nadie se fije.There is a hole in my dress. I hope no one notices.
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