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Quick answer
"Descansar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to rest", and "patinar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to skate". Learn more about the difference between "descansar" and "patinar" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to take a break)
a. to rest
Tienes que descansar diez minutos por cada cuatro horas de trabajo.You need to rest ten minutes for every four hours worked.
b. to have off
Últimamente tengo mucho trabajo y solo descanso los domingos.I have a lot of work on lately and only have Sundays off.
2. (to be asleep)
a. to sleep
No pude descansar anoche.I couldn't sleep last night.
b. to nap
Él descansó un rato después de almorzar.He napped a while after eating lunch.
3. (to be buried)
a. to rest
En este lugar las almas desafortunadas pueden descansar en paz.This is a place where unfortunate souls can rest in peace.
4. (agriculture)
a. to rest
El campo descansa un año entero cada tres años.The field rests for a full year once every three years.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (sport)
a. to skate
¡El lago se congeló anoche! ¡Vamos a patinar!The lake froze last night! Let's go skating!
Cuando estás aprendiendo a patinar, te caes todo el tiempo.When you are learning to skate, you fall all the time.
b. to roller-skate (with wheels)
Fuimos a patinar a la pista junto al lago.We went roller-skating at the rink next to the lake.
c. to ice-skate (on ice)
En invierno salen a patinar al lago.They go ice-skating on the lake in winter.
d. to rollerblade (with inline skates)
Tienes que patinar muy bien si quieres jugar hockey sobre patines.You've got to be very good at rollerblading if you want to play inline hockey.
2. (surface)
a. to be slippery
Cuando está mojado, el piso patina.When it is wet, the floor is slippery.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to make a blunder)
a. to slip up
Es un buen cineasta, pero con esa película patinó.He's a good filmmaker, but he slipped up on that film.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to coat with patina)
a. to patinate
Estoy aprendiendo a patinar muebles.I'm learning to patinate furniture.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to slide out of control)
a. to slip (person)
Se patinó con la leche derramada en el piso de la cocina.She slipped on the spilled milk on the kitchen floor.
b. to skid (vehicle)
El coche se patinó por la lluvia.The car skidded because of the rain.
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