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"Descansa" is a form of "descansar", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to rest". "Duerme bien" is a phrase which is often translated as "sleep well". Learn more about the difference between "descansa" and "duerme bien" below.
descansar(
dehs
-
kahn
-
sahr
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to take a break)
a. to rest
Tienes que descansar diez minutos por cada cuatro horas de trabajo.You need to rest ten minutes for every four hours worked.
b. to have off
Últimamente tengo mucho trabajo y solo descanso los domingos.I have a lot of work on lately and only have Sundays off.
2. (to be asleep)
a. to sleep
No pude descansar anoche.I couldn't sleep last night.
b. to nap
Él descansó un rato después de almorzar.He napped a while after eating lunch.
3. (to be buried)
a. to rest
En este lugar las almas desafortunadas pueden descansar en paz.This is a place where unfortunate souls can rest in peace.
4. (agriculture)
a. to rest
El campo descansa un año entero cada tres años.The field rests for a full year once every three years.
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duerme bien(
dwehr
-
meh
 
byehn
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(imperative)
a. sleep well
Duerme bien porque mañana es un día muy importante.Sleep well because you have a big day tomorrow.
b. sleep tight
Buenas noches, duerme bien.Good night, sleep tight.
2. (third person singular)
a. he sleeps well
Nuestro huésped dice que duerme bien en el colchón inflable.Our guest says that he sleeps well on the air mattress.
b. she sleeps well
Duerme bien los fines de semana, pero de lunes a viernes duerme muy poco.She sleeps well on weekends, but from Monday to Friday she doesn't get enough sleep.
c. sleeps well
Martín come sanamente, duerme bien y hace ejercicio. Por eso está tan bien de salud.Martin eats healthy, sleeps well, and exercises. That's why he's in good health.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you sleep well
Avísenos si duerme bien en la habitación que le asignamos.Tell us if you sleep well in the room we gave you.
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