Quick answer
"Desarrollo" is a noun which is often translated as "development", and "subsistencia" is a noun which is often translated as "subsistence". Learn more about the difference between "desarrollo" and "subsistencia" below.
desarrollo(
deh
-
sah
-
rroh
-
yoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (evolution, betterment)
a. development
El desarrollo industrial es vital para la economía de un país.Industrial development is vital for the economy of a country.
2. (progress)
a. development
La buena nutrición es clave para el desarrollo de un niño.Good nutrition is key for a child's development.
b. growth
Para fomentar el desarrollo de una planta se necesitan luz y agua.To encourage the growth of a plant, you need light and water.
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subsistencia
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (sustenance)
a. subsistence
El sueldo que gana Ángela apenas si le alcanza para su subsistencia.The salary Angela earns is barely enough for her subsistence.
2. (existence)
a. survival
La subsistencia de una especie está ligada a lo bien que se adapte a los cambios en su ambiente.The survival of a species is linked to how well it adapts to changes in its environment.
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