Quick answer
"Derrumbarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to collapse", and "desplomarse" is a pronominal verb which is also often translated as "to collapse". Learn more about the difference between "derrumbarse" and "desplomarse" below.
derrumbarse(
deh
-
rroom
-
bahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to subside)
a. to collapse (building)
Muchos edificios se derrumbaron durante el terremoto.Many buildings collapsed during the earthquake.
b. to fall in (roof or ceiling)
Si no reparan el techo, podría derrumbarse.If the ceiling isn't repaired, it could fall in.
c. to cave in (roof or ceiling)
En ese instante preciso, el tejado se derrumbó sobre nuestras cabezas.At that precise moment, the roof caved in on our heads.
2. (to dive)
a. to fall
El helicóptero se derrumbó a toda velocidad.The helicopter fell at full speed.
b. to plunge
El águila se derrumbó hacia el abismo.The eagle plunged into the abyss.
3. (to be overcome by shock or grief)
a. to go to pieces
Me derrumbé cuando me diagnosticaron el cáncer; pero luego logré superarlo.I went to pieces when I was diagnosed with cancer; but then I overcame it.
b. to break down
En el interrogatorio se derrumbó y confesó.During the questioning, he broke down and confessed.
4. (to dispel)
a. to collapse (hopes or illusions)
Cuando les negaron asilo político, se derrumbaron sus esperanzas de una vida mejor.Their hopes of a better life collapsed when they were denied political asylum.
b. to be shattered (hopes or illusions)
Las ilusiones se derrumban cuando entran en conflicto con la realidad.Ilusions are shattered when they clash with reality.
c. to fall apart (dreams)
Nuestros sueños se derrumbaron en un instante.Our dreams fell apart in an instant.
5. (finance)
a. to tumble
El jueves los precios se derrumbaron a mínimos históricos.Prices tumbled to historic lows on Thursday.
derrumbar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to bring down)
a. to demolish
Mañana van a derrumbar ese edificio que está en ruinas.That building that is in ruins will be demolished tomorrow.
b. to knock down
El temporal derrumbó varios árboles.The storm knocked down several trees.
c. to pull down
Derrumbaron el viejo hotel para construir una urbanización.They pulled down the old hotel to build a housing development.
d. to tear down
Ese día, miles de ciudadanos alemanes comenzaron a derrumbar el Muro de Berlín.That day, thousands of German citizens started tearing down the Berlin Wall.
7. (to throw)
a. to fling down
Al parecer, derrumbaban a los prisioneros desde lo alto del acantilado.It seems they flung their prisoners down from the top of the cliff.
b. to hurl down
Él derrumbó el balón agresivamente.He hurled the ball down aggressively.
8. (politics)
a. to overthrow (a regime)
La revolución acabó por derrumbar la dictadura.The revolution ended up overthrowing the dictatorship.
9. (to depress)
a. to devastate
La muerte de su mejor amigo lo derrumbó.The death of his best friend devastated him.
b. to shatter
El divorcio la ha derrumbado.She's shattered by her divorce.
c. to destroy
La enfermedad de mi hijo me tiene derrumbada.My son's illness is destroying me.
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desplomarse(
dehs
-
ploh
-
mahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to crumble)
a. to collapse
El obelisco se desplomó durante el terremoto.The obelisk collapsed during the earthquake.
b. to fall in
Hay peligro de que el techo se desplome bajo el peso de la nieve.The roof is in danger of falling in under the weight of the snow.
c. to plummet
El año pasado, los precios del crudo se desplomaron por debajo de los 30 dólares el barril.Last year, crude oil prices plummeted below $30 a barrel.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to fail)
a. to collapse
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
Si se quitan las restricciones a las importaciones, muchos pequeños negocios se desplomarán.If the restriction on imports is lifted, many small businesses will collapse.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to faint)
a. to fall flat to the ground
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
Alicia se enteró de que su marido tuvo un accidente de tránsito y se desplomó.Alicia heard her husband was in a car accident and fell flat to the ground.
desplomar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to knock down)
a. to rake
Los soldados desplomaron las murallas de la ciudad con un ariete.The soldiers raked the city walls with a ram.
b. to knock out of plumb
El albañil desplomó el tapial.The mason knocked the wall out of plumb.
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