Quick answer
"Delgado" is an adjective which is often translated as "thin", and "baja" is a noun which is often translated as "drop". Learn more about the difference between "delgado" and "baja" below.
delgado(
dehl
-
gah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (slender)
a. thin
Estás muy delgado, Paco. ¡Come más de la sopa que te preparé!You're so thin, Paco. Have more of the soup I made you!
b. slim
La mujer delgada tenía el cabello oscuro y los ojos muy profundos.The slim woman had dark hair and very deep-set eyes.
2. (delicate)
a. fine
La araña tejió su telaraña con unos hilos muy delgados.The spider spun her web with very fine threads.
b. thin
No recomiendo que uses una tela tan delgada para hacer un pantalón de mezclilla.I wouldn't recommend you use such thin fabric to make jeans.
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baja(
bah
-
hah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (decrease)
a. drop
La baja de temperatura es bastante fuerte por la noche invernal.The temperature drop is pretty intense on winter nights.
b. fall
La baja de las tasas de interés nos ha afectado a todos.The fall in interest rates has affected us all.
2. (document)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. sick note
¿Tienes la baja que te dio el doctor?Do you have the sick note the doctor gave you?
b. medical certificate
Todo empleado debe entregar la baja a su supervisor al volver a trabajar.All employees must turn in their medical certificate to their supervisor upon returning to work.
3. (absence)
a. sick leave
El jefe estuvo de baja toda la semana.The boss was on sick leave the whole week.
4. (death)
a. casualty (military)
Ha habido bajas civiles a causa de los disturbios militares.There have been civilian casualties as a result of the military unrest.
b. loss (military)
El ejército sufrió graves bajas en la batalla.The army suffered grave losses in the battle.
5. (sports)
a. injured player
No hay manera de que podamos jugar el partido con el número de bajas que tenemos.There's no way we can play the game with the number of injured players that we have.
6. (departure)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Hubo demasiadas bajas y tuvieron que cancelar la clase ese semestre.So many students dropped the class that they had to cancel it for that semester.
La empresa ha tenido muchas bajas por las condiciones de trabajo peligrosas.The company has had a lot of people leave because of dangerous working conditions.
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