Quick answer
"Deglutir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to swallow", and "tragar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to swallow". Learn more about the difference between "deglutir" and "tragar" below.
deglutir
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(anatomy)
a. to swallow
El enfermo deglute con dificultad debido a que apenas produce saliva.The patient has difficulty swallowing because he hardly produces any saliva.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(anatomy)
a. to swallow
El paciente solo podía deglutir sopas y papillas.The patient was only able to swallow soups and purées.
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tragar(
trah
-
gahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to ingest)
a. to swallow
Tengo la garganta inflamada y me cuesta tragar alimentos sólidos.My throat's sore and I'm finding it very difficult to swallow solid food.
2. (to absorb)
a. to soak up
El suelo del campo está tan seco que traga el agua rápidamente.The soil in the field is so dry that it soaks up water really quickly.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bear)
a. to stand
No trago a mi cuñado; parece que se cree superior a los demás.I can't stand my brother-in-law; he seems to think he's better than everyone else.
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to use up)
a. to guzzle
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Estos coches tan viejos tragan mucho combustible.These old cars really guzzle fuel.
b. to be heavy on
¡No veas cómo traga batería este portátil!You can't imagine how heavy on the battery this laptop is!
c. to use
Dígame una cosa: ¿estas vitrocerámicas tragan mucha electricidad?Can you tell me something? Do these ceramic hobs use a lot of electricity?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to gulp)
a. to swallow
A mi abuelo le molesta la garganta al tragar.My grandfather's throat hurts when he swallows.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to eat)
a. to put away food
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Carlitos traga muchísimo y no engorda nada, ¡no sé dónde lo mete!Carlitos can really put away food but never puts on weight; I don't know where he puts it!
b. to put it away
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Si tragas así, te vas a poner como un elefante.If you put it away like that, you'll end up the size of an elephant.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to consume gasoline)
a. to guzzle gas
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Te vas a comprar un deportivo? ¡Si eso traga una barbaridad!Are you going to buy a sports car? They really guzzle gas!
b. to guzzle petrol
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Esta furgoneta traga mucho. Siempre hay que llenar el depósito.This van guzzles petrol. It always needs filling up.
8.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to agree)
a. to give in
Si el resto de la familia quiere vender la casa, supongo que María tendrá que tragar.If the rest of the family wants to sell the house, I suppose María will have to give in.
9.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bear; used with "con")
a. to put up with
Supongo que tendremos que tragar con esta situación por inconveniente que sea.I suppose we shall just have to put up with this situation, however inconvenient it may be.
tragarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to ingest)
a. to swallow
José se traga la comida sin masticar; un día se va a poner enfermo.José swallows his food without chewing; one of these days he'll make himself ill.
11. (to absorb)
a. to soak up (through the pores)
Tengo la piel tan seca que se traga la crema en cuestión de segundos.My skin is so dry that it soaks up cream in a matter of seconds.
b. to swallow up (making disappear)
Se levantó tormenta en el mar y las olas se tragaron la embarcación.There was a storm out at sea and the waves swallowed up the boat.
c. to engulf (covering completely)
El mar se traga la playa cada vez que hay marea alta.The sea engulfs the beach when there's a high tide.
12. (to contain)
a. to choke back
Después de la riña, Sergio tuvo que tragarse sus lágrimas para que no lo viéramos llorar.After he was told off, Sergio had to choke back his tears so we wouldn't see him crying.
b. to swallow
La profesora tuvo que tragarse su orgullo y reconocer que se había equivocado.The teacher had to swallow her pride and admit that she'd been wrong.
13.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to believe)
a. to swallow
¿Se ha tragado tu madre lo de la excursión escolar? - Sí, a pies juntillas.Did your mother swallow what you said about the school trip? - Yes, completely.
b. to fall for
El otro día me engañaste al decirme que iban al teatro, así que hoy no me lo trago.You deceived me the other day when you told me you were going to the theater, so I'm not going to fall for that again.
14.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to consume)
a. to swallow
¡La máquina expendedora se ha tragado mi moneda y no me da la bebida!The vending machine swallowed my coin but won't give me my drink!
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bear)
a. to put up with
Juan tiene que tragarse las quejas constantes de su suegro, que vive con ellos.Juan has to put up with constant complaints from his father-in-law, who lives with them.
b. to sit through (as a captive audience)
Tuve que acompañar a mi hija al concierto de ese grupo de chicos, y me lo tragué enterito.I had to take my daughter to that boy band concert and sit through the whole thing.
c. to listen to (as a captive audience)
Siempre acabo tragándome los problemas de los demás cuando ya tengo bastante con los míos.I always end up listening to other people's problems when I've already got enough of my own.
16.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to bump into)
a. to wrap oneself around
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Casi me trago un buzón de correos por ir mirando el celular.I almost wrapped myself around a mailbox because I was looking at my cellphone.
b. to plow into
Iba conduciendo borracho y se tragó una farola.He plowed into a lamppost while driving when drunk.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
17. (to bear each other)
a. to stand each other
Nuestros gatos no se tragan: cada vez que los juntamos, se bufan el uno al otro.Our cats can't stand each other: every time we put them together, they hiss at each other.
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