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Quick answer
"Advoca" is a form of "advocar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to advocate". "Defender" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to defend". Learn more about the difference between "defender" and "advoca" below.
defender(
deh
-
fehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to provide protection)
a. to defend
Muchos soldados valientes se alistaron al ejército para defender su patria.Many brave soldiers enlisted in the army to defend their country.
b. to protect
Mintió para defender la reputación de su familia y evitar un escándalo.He lied to protect the reputation of his family and to avoid a scandal.
2. (to vindicate)
a. to defend
La actriz se aprovechó de su fama para defender su causa ante los medios de comunicación.The actress took advantage of her fame to defend her cause before the media.
b. to stand up for
Los trabajadores decidieron defender sus derechos y se pusieron en huelga.The workers decided to stand up for their rights and went on strike.
3. (to uphold)
a. to defend
Galileo defendió la teoría de Copérnico, pero, al final, se retractó para salvarse la vida.Galileo defended Copernicus's theory, but in the end he backed off to save his life.
b. to champion
Ella siempre ha defendido la igualdad de paga para las mujeres en el trabajo.She has always championed equal pay for women in the workplace.
4. (law)
a. to defend
El abogado defendió al acusado en el juicio, aunque sabía que era culpable.The lawyer defended the accused in the trial, even though he knew he was guilty.
defenderse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
5. (to safeguard oneself)
a. to defend oneself
Me defenderé de cualquier acusación que hagan en mi contra.I will defend myself against any accusation made against me.
b. to protect oneself
Para defenderme de las críticas, he decidido dejar mi trabajo.To protect myself from criticism, I have decided to quit my job.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to manage)
a. to get by
Es una gran jugadora de ajedrez, pero también se defiende jugando al backgammon.She's a great chess player, but she gets by playing backgammon as well.
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advocar(
ahd
-
boh
-
kahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to advocate
Muchos parlamentarios advocan un cambio radical en la política presupuestaria.Many members of parliament advocate a radical change in budget policy.
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