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Quick answer
"Declarar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to state", and "dictaminar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to pass judgment". Learn more about the difference between "declarar" and "dictaminar" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make known)
a. to state
"Mi papel de padre es el más importante de mi vida", declaró el actor recientemente."My role as a father is the most important one in my life," stated the actor recently.
b. to declare
Quisiera declarar mi apoyo incondicional al presidente.I wish to declare my unconditional support for the president.
c. to announce
El ministro declaró en rueda de prensa que no habrá recortes en educación.The minister announced in a press conference that there will be no cuts to education.
2. (to proclaim)
a. to declare (war, independence, peace)
Declararon un alto al fuego y resolvieron el conflicto por la vía diplomática.They declared a ceasefire and solved the conflict through diplomatic channels.
b. to pronounce (husband and wife)
Por el poder que me confiere la ley, los declaro marido y mujer.By the power invested in me, I now pronounce you husband and wife.
3. (to consider)
a. to declare
El proyecto fue declarado de interés público.The project was declared of public interest.
4. (legal)
a. to find (guilty or not guilty)
El acusado fue declarado culpable de intento de asesinato.The defendant was found guilty of attempted murder.
5. (to acknowledge possession of)
a. to declare (for tax or customs purposes)
Tendrás que declarar tus medicamentos en la aduana.You will have to declare your medication at customs.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (legal)
a. to testify
La fiscalía llama al primer testigo a declarar.The prosecution calls its first witness to testify.
b. to give evidence
La cónyuge del acusado fue llamada a declarar en el juicio.The defendant's spouse was called to give evidence in the trial.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to come out as)
a. to declare oneself
La escritora se declaró a favor del matrimonio igualitario.The writer declared herself in favor of same-sex marriage.
8. (to proclaim oneself)
a. to declare oneself (bankrupt)
La empresa se declaró insolvente y anunció el cierre de la planta.The firm declared itself insolvent and announced the closing down of the plant.
b. to go (on strike)
Todo el personal de la fábrica se declaró en huelga.The entire staff of the factory went on strike.
9. (legal)
a. to plead (guilty or not guilty)
El acusado se declaró culpable de los delitos que se le imputan.The defendant has pleaded guilty of the crimes which are attributed to him.
10. (to confess one's love)
a. to declare one's love
Me declaré a Emilia, pero me dijo que yo para ella soy solo un amigo.I declared my love to Emilia, but she said she only thinks of me as a friend.
b. to tell someone you love them
¿Tú de mí te declararías a Nacho?Do you think I should tell Nacho that I love him?
11. (to erupt)
a. to break out (an epidemic or a war)
Se declaró una epidemia de cólera en la ciudad.A cholera epidemic broke out in the city.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to rule)
a. to pass judgment
El juez salió cuando estaba listo para dictaminar.The judge came out when he was ready to pass judgment.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to state)
a. to determine
El forense dictaminó que se trató de suicidio y no homicidio.The coroner determined that it was suicide and not murder.
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