Quick answer
"Decir" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to say", and "saber" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to know". Learn more about the difference between "decir" and "saber" below.
decir(
deh
-
seer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to speak)
a. to say
¿Qué dijiste? No te escuché.What did you say? I couldn't hear you.
b. to tell
¿Jura decir la verdad?Do you swear to tell the truth?
2. (to give an opinion)
a. to say
¿Qué dices de la nueva ley de transporte?What do you say about the new law on transportation?
b. to think
¿Y qué dices tú del asunto?What do you think about the whole issue?
c. to believe
¿Quién hubiera dicho que Juliana y Gustavo acabarían juntos?Who would have believed that Juliana and Gustavo would end up together?
3. (to be rumored)
a. to say
Dicen que va a nevar mañana.They say it's going to snow tomorrow.
4. (to transmit orders)
a. to tell
Dile a tu hermano que haga sus tareas.Tell your brother to do his homework.
b. to say
Mamá dijo que nos teníamos que acostar.Mom said we had to go to sleep.
5. (to narrate)
a. to recite
Ahora voy a decir un poema nuevo que escribí sobre el amor perdido.Now I will recite a poem I wrote about lost love.
6. (to signify)
a. to tell
El que no lo interese planear la boda me dice que Jorge no está listo para casarse.The fact that he's not interested in planning the wedding tells me Jorge's not ready to get married.
7. (to be indicated in text)
a. to say
La Biblia dice que uno debe amar al prójimo.The Bible says we should love our neighbor.
8. (religious)
a. to say (mass)
Después de decir la homilía, el sacerdote reparte la comunión.After the priest says the homily, he hands out Communion.
9. (to invite to speak)
a. to go ahead
¿Le puedo pedir un favor? - ¡Claro! Dime, ¿en qué lo puedo ayudar?Can I ask a favor of you? - Of course! Go ahead, how can I help you?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (used to answer the phone)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. hello (interjection)
¿Diga?Hello!
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (proverb)
a. saying
"De tal palo, tal astilla" es un decir popular."Like father, like son" is a popular saying.
12. (form of expression)
a. manner of speaking
¡No te enfades, mujer! Es solo un decir.Come on, don't get annoyed! It's just a manner of speaking.
decirse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
13. (to promise oneself)
a. to tell oneself
Me dije que no volvería a empezar a fumar.I told myself that I wouldn't start smoking again.
b. to say to oneself
Me dije a mí misma, esto no sienta bien.I said to myself, this doesn't feel right.
c. to think to oneself
Me sigo diciendo, ¿qué hubiera pasado si hubiera aceptado ese trabajo?I keep thinking to myself, what would have happened had I taken that job?
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
14. (to label)
a. to call
En Puerto Rico a la basura se le dice "zafacón".In Puerto Rico, the trash is called "zafacón."
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saber(
sah
-
behr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Yo sé que la capital de la República Dominicana es Santo Domingo.I know that the capital of the Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo.
2. (to learn of)
a. to find out
Lo supe porque lo vi por internet.I found out because I saw it online.
b. to hear
Las entradas para el concierto ya se agotaron. - ¿Cómo lo supiste?The concert is sold out. - How did you hear that?
3. (to be able to)
a. to know how
Mi hijo no sabe amarrarse los zapatos.My son doesn't know how to tie his shoes.
b. can
¿Sabes hablar japonés?Can you speak Japanese?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to have a flavor; often used with "a")
a. to taste
Este caramelo sabe a miel.This candy tastes like honey.
5. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
¿Qué sabes del paradero del acampamento de la rebelión?What do you know about the whereabouts of the rebel camp?
6. (to find out; often used with "de")
a. to hear
Supe del problema del agua ayer. ¿Qué vas a hacer?I heard about the problem with the water yesterday. What are you going to do?
7. (to make an impression)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Me sabe genial recibir un 10 en el examen!I feel great getting a 10 on the exam!
Muy supo muy mal la manera en que te hablaron en la junta.I really disliked the way they talked to you in the meeting.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
8. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Se sabe que los vampiros se alimentan de sangre.It is known that vampires feed on blood.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
9. (wisdom)
a. knowledge
El saber popular se basa en creencias.Popular knowledge is based on beliefs.
saberse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
10. (to have knowledge)
a. to know
Me sé todas las canciones de Elvis.I know all Elvis's songs.
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