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Quick answer
"De vez en cuando" is an adverb which is often translated as "once in a while", and "pretérito perfecto" is a noun which is often translated as "present perfect". Learn more about the difference between "de vez en cuando" and "pretérito perfecto" below.
de vez en cuando(
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (indicating frequency)
a. once in a while
Solo nos vemos de vez en cuando pero seguimos siendo buenos amigos.We only see each other once in a while but we continue to be good friends.
b. occasionally
De vez en cuando me fumo uno que otro cigarrillo.I'll occasionally smoke a cigarette or two.
c. from time to time
Riega las plantas de vez en cuando para que no se mueran.Water the plants from time to time so that they don't die.
d. now and again
De vez en cuando me gusta hacer senderismo.I like to go hiking now and again.
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pretérito perfecto
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (grammar)
a. present perfect
El pretérito perfecto se forma con el presente del verbo "haber" y el participio del verbo conjugado; por ejemplo, "he oído" ("I've heard").The present perfect is formed with the present of the verb "haber" and the past participle of the conjugated verb, for instance "he oído" ("I've heard").
b. simple past
El pretérito perfecto simple indica que la acción expresada por el verbo acabó en un momento del pasado.The simple past indicates that the action expressed by the verb finished at a point in the past.
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