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Quick answer
"De más" is a phrase which is often translated as "extra", and "de sobra" is a phrase which is often translated as "spare". Learn more about the difference between "de más" and "de sobra" below.
de más(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. extra
Tengo mucho frío. - Toma. Yo traje una manta de más.I'm very cold. - Here you go. I brought an extra blanket.
b. spare
Siempre ten un cargador de más. Nunca sabes cuándo lo vas a necesitar.Always bring a spare charger. You never know when you're going to need it.
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de sobra(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (remaining)
a. spare
¿Tienes un lápiz de sobra?Do you have a spare pencil?
b. extra
Lleva siempre dinero de sobra por si acaso.Always carry some extra cash with you, just in case.
c. left
Si tengo tiempo de sobra, volveré a comprobar todas las respuestas de mi examen.If I have any time left, I'll double-check all the answers in my exam.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Veo mucha gente trabajando aquí, así que imagino que estoy de sobra.I can see many people working here, so I guess I'm not needed.
No hace falta que me digan que me vaya; sé cuando estoy de sobra.You don't have to tell me to go; I know when I'm not wanted.
2. (more than necessary)
a. enough
En el albergue había comida de sobra para aguantar toda una semana.There was enough food in the shelter to last us a whole week.
b. more than enough
Teníamos bebida de sobra para organizar una buena fiesta.We had more than enough booze to throw a good party.
c. plenty of
Aquí hay espacio de sobra para dos personas.There's plenty of room for two people here.
d. that's plenty
Te puedo prestar $100. ¿Te vale así? - Sí, de sobra.I can lend you $100. Will that do? - Sure, that's plenty.
3. (very well)
a. only too well
Se conocen de sobra, así que no hay necesidad de presentaciones.You two know each other only too well so no need for introductions.
b. full well
Sabes de sobra que no quiero que andes con esa gente.You know full well I don't want you to hang around with those people.
c. perfectly well
Conozco de sobra a mi mamá y es incapaz de hacer una cosa así.I know my mother perfectly well and she's incapable of doing something like that.
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