Quick answer
"Rompió" is a form of "romper", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to break". "De la mesa" is a phrase which is often translated as "of the table". Learn more about the difference between "de la mesa" and "rompió" below.
de la mesa
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (related to the table)
a. of the table
Las patas de la mesa son unas más cortas que otras.The legs of the table aren't all the same length.
b. table (noun)
El tablero de la mesa es de mármol rosado.The table top is made of pink marble.
2. (from the table top)
a. off the table
Quita tus cosas de la mesa, que vamos a cenar.Take your things off the table. We're going to have dinner.
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romper(
rrohm
-
pehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to smash)
a. to break
Rompió el vaso por accidente.He broke the glass by accident.
2. (to destroy through use)
a. to wear out
Ella ha roto la pila de su teléfono por usarlo día y noche.She has worn out the battery on her phone by using it day and night.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to dissolve)
a. to break
Las olas rompieron contra el casco de nuestro barco.The waves broke against the hull of our ship.
4. (to start)
a. to break out
Cuando el hombre cayó muerto, la multitud rompió a gritar.When the man dropped dead, the crowd started screaming.
5. (to put an end to a relationship)
a. to break up
Felipe y Sol rompieron después de tres años de noviazgo.Felipe and Sol broke up after going out for three years.
romperse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
6. (to injure)
a. to break
En su primer partido, el futbolista se rompió la pierna.In his first game, the soccer player broke his leg.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to smash)
a. to break
El vaso se rompió en pedazos.The glass broke into pieces.
8. (to stop functioning)
a. to break
Creo que la radio se rompió porque solo oigo interferencias.I think the radio is broken because all I hear is this buzzing.
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