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Quick answer
"Darse cuenta de" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to realize", and "que" is a conjunction which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "darse cuenta de" and "que" below.
darse cuenta de(
dahr
-
seh
 
kwehn
-
tah
 
deh
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. to realize
¿No te das cuenta de que estás malcriando a tus hijos?Don't you realize you're spoiling your children?
b. to realise (United Kingdom)
Cuando se sentó al volante, Rosario se dio cuenta de que había perdido sus lentes.When she sat behind the wheel Rosario realised she had lost her glasses.
c. to notice
En ese momento me di cuenta de que el hombre llevaba una pistola en el bolsillo.At that moment I noticed the man had a gun in his pocket.
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que(
keh
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. that
Tenga en cuenta que algunas de estas características son diferentes.Note that some of these characteristics are different.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to define the subject)
a. who (person)
El hombre que le salvó la vida a mi bebé está aquí.The man who saved my baby's life is here.
b. which (thing)
El libro que más ha influido en mí es este.The book which has had the greatest influence on me is this one.
c. that (thing)
El pastel que me encanta es el de chocolate.The cake that I love is chocolate cake.
3. (used to define the object)
a. who (person)
Vi a la mujer que trabaja en el spa.I saw the woman who works in the spa.
b. which (thing)
¡Enséñame el vestido que llevaste en la fiesta!Show me the dress which you wore to the party!
c. that (thing)
Ese es el teléfono que yo quiero.That's the phone that I want.
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