Quick answer
"Dar fe" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to testify", and "atestiguar" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "to testify". Learn more about the difference between "dar fe" and "atestiguar" below.
dar fe
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to confirm; often used with "de")
a. to testify
Puedo dar fe de que Carolina dice la verdad. Ella no es culpable.I can testify that Carolina is telling the truth. She's not guilty.
b. to testify to
Podemos contratar a Marco. Yo doy fe de su profesionalidad y formalidad.We can hire Marco. I testify to his professionalism and reliability.
c. to vouch for
Puedo dar fe de la autenticidad del lienzo. Lo comprobé con un experto.I can vouch for the painting's authenticity. I checked that with an expert.
2. (to show clearly; used with "de")
a. to testify
Los estantes vacíos de los supermercados dan fe de que hay una grave escasez de alimentos en el país.The empty shelves in the supermarkets testify that there's a severe shortage of food in the country.
b. to testify to
Estas cifras dan fe de la fortaleza del dólar.The figures testify to the stregth of the dollar.
c. to bear witness to
Estos edificios en ruinas dan fe de los efectos devastadores del huracán.These buildings in ruins bear witness to the devastating effects of the hurricane.
3. (legal; often used with "de")
a. to certify
Doy fe de que, en la medida de mis conocimientos, el contenido de este documento es cierto.I certify that the contents of this document are true to the best of my knowledge.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
4.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(to credit)
a. to believe
Es mejor no dar fe a informaciones que vienen de fuentes poco fiables.It's better not to give believe information coming from unreliable sources.
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atestiguar(
ah
-
tehs
-
tee
-
gwahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (legal)
a. to testify
El testigo atestiguó que había visto al acusado conduciendo un coche verde.The witness testified that he had seen the defendant driving a green car.
2. (to prove)
a. to bear witness to
El comportamiento del niño atestigua que ha sufrido malos tratos.The child's behavior bears witness to the fact that he has been abused.
b. to attest to
El color del vino atestigua su calidad y correcto añejamiento.The color of the wine attests to its quality and correct aging.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (legal)
a. to testify
El sospechoso no tiene a nadie que atestigüe a su favor.The suspect has no one to testify in his favor.
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