Quick answer
"Dar a luz" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to give birth", and "parir" is an intransitive verb which is also often translated as "to give birth". Learn more about the difference between "dar a luz" and "parir" below.
dar a luz(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to deliver a child)
a. to give birth
Mi esposa dio a luz a trillizos ayer.My wife gave birth to triplets yesterday.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to birth)
a. to give birth (woman)
Tengo que irme corriendo al hospital porque mi esposa está pariendo.I have to rush to the hospital because my wife is giving birth.
b. to have a baby (woman)
En un mismo año se casó y parió.She got married and had a baby the same year.
c. to calve (cow)
La vaca parió sin problemas.The cow calved without difficulty.
d. to foal (mare or jenny)
El veterinario llegó cuando la yegua estaba pariendo.The veterinarian arrived when the mare was foaling.
e. to lamb (ewe)
Pasamos el fin de semana en la granja de mi tío y ayudamos a parir a una oveja.We spent the weekend at my uncle's farm, and we helped an ewe to lamb.
f. to farrow (sow)
La cerda parió en el chiquero.The sow farrowed in the pen.
g. to pup (bitch)
El veterinario dijo que la perra callejera que encontramos nunca había parido.The veterinarian said the street dog we found had never pupped.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
2. (to birth)
a. to give birth to
Ahí donde la ves, tan pequeña y tan poca cosa, ha parido cinco hijos.Believe it or not, thin and small as she is, she has given birth to five children.
b. to have
Mi hermana parió trillizos.My sister had triplets.
c. to bear
Una vaca suele parir un solo ternero cada vez.A cow usually only bears one calf at a time.
3. (to generate)
a. to produce
Para parir una novela de estas características hace falta mucho tiempo y dedicación.In order to produce a novel of such characteristics you need a lot of time and dedication.
b. to come up with
Nos costó parir la idea, pero ahí está.It wasn't easy for us to come up with the idea, but there it is.
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