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Quick answer
"Dañarse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to get damaged", and "hacerse daño" is a pronominal verb phrase which is often translated as "to hurt oneself". Learn more about the difference between "dañarse" and "hacerse daño" below.
dañarse(
dah
-
nyahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to suffer harm)
a. to get damaged
Muchas plantas se dañaron cuando el tornado tocó suelo.A lot of plants got damaged when the tornado hit.
b. to hurt
Me dañé el cuello en un accidente de tráfico.I hurt my neck in a car accident.
c. to get hurt
Mi hijo se dañó al subir a un árbol.My son got hurt climbing a tree.
d. to injure
El atleta se dañó la rodilla mientras esquiaba.The athlete injured his knee while he was skiing.
e. to get injured
El futbolista se dañó durante el partido.The football player got injured during the match.
2. (to be ruined)
a. to be spoiled
Las cerezas se habían dañado por la escarcha.The cherries had been spoiled by the frost.
dañar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to cause harm)
a. to damage
Las lluvias torrenciales dañaron cientos de coches en la ciudad costera.Torrential rains damaged hundreds of cars in the coastal city.
b. to harm
Esta política puede dañar los intereses de nuestro partido.This policy could harm our party's interests.
c. to hurt
Las duras palabras de su novio dañaron los sentimientos de la chica.Her boyfriend's harsh words hurt the girl's feelings.
4. (to ruin)
a. to spoil
Hay viñedos donde el granizo de la semana pasada dañó el 90% del cultivo.There are vineyards where last week's hail spoiled 90% of the crop.
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hacerse daño(
ah
-
sehr
-
seh
 
dah
-
nyoh
)
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
1. (to cause oneself harm)
a. to hurt oneself
Me hice daño al intentar mover el sofá yo solo.I hurt myself trying to move the couch on my own.
b. to do oneself harm
Obsesionándote así con ella, solo conseguirás hacerte daño a ti mismo.Getting so obsessed about her, you'll only do yourself harm.
2. (to cause harm to; used with "en")
a. to hurt
En este deporte, es fácil hacerse daño en la muñeca.It's easy to hurt your wrist playing this sport.
hacer daño
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
3. (to cause pain)
a. to hurt
Que sepas que lo que me dijiste ayer me hizo mucho daño.Let me tell you that what you said to me yesterday hurt a lot.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Seguro que tu hermanito solo estaba jugando y no quería hacerte daño.I'm sure your little brother was just playing and didn't mean any harm.
Perdóname, no tenía intención de hacer daño a nadie, pero la situación se me fue de las manos.Please forgive me, I didn't intend any harm to anybody, but the situation got out of hand.
4. (not to be good for)
a. to be bad for
No hay forma de convencer a mi hermana de que el tabaco le hace daño.There's no way of convincing my sister that cigarettes are bad for her.
b. to damage
Al parecer ese medicamento puede hacer daño al hígado.It seems that drug can damage the liver.
c. not to agree with (food)
Está claro que los pimientos me hacen daño.Peppers obviously don't agree with me.
5. (to cause havoc to)
a. to cause damage to
Como cabía esperar, la tormenta hizo un daño enorme a la cosecha de este año.As it was to be expected, the storm has caused great damage to this year's crop.
b. to do harm to
Las acusaciones, aunque falsas, hicieron mucho daño a su reputación.The accusations, though false, did a lot of harm to his reputation.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
6. (to cause pain)
a. to hurt
Ya verás como esta inyección no hace nada de daño.This injection doesn't hurt at all. You'll see.
7. (not to be good)
a. to be bad
Los médicos no se ponen de acuerdo en si un vaso de vino al día hace o no daño.Doctors can't agree whether drinking a glass of wine a day is bad for you or not.
b. to be harmful
Dicen que comer demasiado deprisa puede hacer daño.They say eating too quickly can be harmful.
8. (to cause havoc)
a. to cause damage
La calumnia puede hacer mucho daño; sobre todo, dentro de una comunidad pequeña como la nuestra.Slander can cause a lot of damage; especially, within a small community like ours.
b. to do harm
En lugar de ayudar, la política adoptada por el gobierno hizo mucho daño.The policy adopted by the government did a lot of harm rather than help.
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