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Quick answer
"Dónde" is an adverb which is often translated as "where", and "cuál" is a pronoun which is often translated as "which". Learn more about the difference between "dónde" and "cuál" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in questions)
a. where
¿Dónde quieren construir el edificio los arquitectos?Where do the architects want to build the building?
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(in questions)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. how
¿Dónde iba a saber que cambiaste de opinión si no me lo dijiste?How was I to know that you'd changed your mind if you didn't tell me?
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (interrogative)
a. which (among a group of options)
¿Cuál de estas camisas me queda mejor?Which of these shirts suits me best?
b. which one (among a group of options)
No sé cuál quiere.I don't know which one she wants.
¿Cuál es mejor?Which one is better?
c. what
¿Cuál es la diferencia?What's the difference?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (interrogative)
a. which
¿Cuál género de música prefieres?Which genre of music do you prefer?
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