Quick answer
"Dónde" is an adverb which is often translated as "where", and "a dónde" is a phrase which is also often translated as "where". Learn more about the difference between "dónde" and "a dónde" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (in questions)
a. where
¿Dónde quieren construir el edificio los arquitectos?Where do the architects want to build the building?
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(in questions)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. how
¿Dónde iba a saber que cambiaste de opinión si no me lo dijiste?How was I to know that you'd changed your mind if you didn't tell me?
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a dónde
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (in questions)
a. where
¿A dónde tengo que ir para renovarme el pasaporte?Where do I have to go to renew my passport?
b. where to
Ahora debo irme. - ¿A dónde?I should go now. - Where to?
2. (in statements)
a. where
Marga no ha querido decirme a dónde va. - Tiene una cita con un chico que conoció en Internet.Marga wouldn't tell me where she's going. - She has a date with a guy she met on the Internet.
b. where to
Sé que tengo que llevar esta paquete a algún sitio, pero todavía no me han dicho a dónde.I know I have to take this parcel somewhere, but they haven't yet told me where to.
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