Quick answer
"Custody" is a noun which is often translated as "la custodia", and "abuse" is a noun which is often translated as "el abuso". Learn more about the difference between "custody" and "abuse" below.
custody(
kuhs
-
tih
-
di
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (legal child care)
a. la custodia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Edward and his ex-wife agreed to share custody of their children.Edward y su exesposa acordaron compartir la custodia de sus hijos.
b. la tenencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(River Plate)
Analia had to fight a long legal battle before being awarded the custody of her son.Analía tuvo que librar una larga batalla legal antes de que le otorgaran la tenencia del hijo.
2. (detention)
a. la detención
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are new rules for police custody of teenagers.Hay una nueva normativa para la detención policial de los adolescentes.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
One of the three escaped inmates is now in custody.Uno de los tres reclusos fugados ya está detenido.
The suspect was kept in custody for 12 hours before he was released.El sospechoso estuvo detenido durante 12 horas antes de ser liberado.
3. (safekeeping)
a. la custodia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The crown jewels of Italy are in the custody of the Bank of Italy.Las joyas de la corona de Italia están bajo la custodia del Banco de Italia.
b. el cuidado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Amanda left her horse in her trainer's custody while she went to Australia on vacation.Amanda dejó su caballo al cuidado de su entrenador mientras se fue de vacaciones a Australia.
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abuse(
uh
-
byus
,
uh
-
byuz
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (misuse)
a. el abuso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is no justification for this abuse of power.No hay justificación para este abuso de poder.
2. (mistreatment)
a. los malos tratos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
His wife accused him of physical and emotional abuse.Su esposa lo acusó de malos tratos físicos y psicológicos.
b. el abuso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's one of the worst countries for worker's rights abuses.Es uno de los peores países en cuanto a abusos de los derechos laborales.
3. (insults)
a. los insultos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He's had to put up with a lot of abuse from his coworkers.Ha tenido que soportar muchos insultos de sus colegas.
b. los improperios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The peasants hurled abuse at the marquis.Los campesinos lanzaron improperios contra el marqués.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to misuse)
a. abusar de
You're abusing your position to get what you want.Estás abusando de tu posición para conseguir lo que quieres.
5. (to mistreat)
a. maltratar
They say he abused his wife, but there was never proof.Se dice que maltrataba a su mujer, pero nunca hubo pruebas.
b. abusar de (sexually)
The teacher was sent to prison for sexually abusing one of her students.La profesora fue enviada a la cárcel por abusar de uno de sus alumnos.
6. (to insult)
a. insultar
She abuses him in front of his friends, and he just takes it.Lo insulta delante de sus amigos, y él se aguanta.
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