Quick answer
"Accumulated" is a form of "accumulate", a transitive verb which is often translated as "acumular". "Cumulative" is an adjective which is often translated as "acumulativo". Learn more about the difference between "cumulative" and "accumulated" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. acumulativo
Sodium consumption has a cumulative effect on blood pressure.El consumo de sodio tiene un efecto acumulativo sobre la presión arterial.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to collect)
a. acumular
The businessman had accumulated an enormous amount of wealth over his lifetime.El empresario había acumulado una gran cantidad de riqueza a lo largo de su vida.
b. juntar
As a percussionist, Pedro was always accumulating all kinds of instruments.Como era percusionista, Pedro siempre estaba juntando todo tipo de instrumentos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to build up)
a. acumularse
Linda became a shut-in; clutter and dust began to accumulate on every surface inside her house.Linda se encerró y empezaron a acumularse trastos y polvo en todas las superficies de su casa.
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