Quick answer
"Critical" is an adjective which is often translated as "crítico", and "major" is a noun which is often translated as "la especialidad". Learn more about the difference between "critical" and "major" below.
critical(
krih
-
dih
-
kuhl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (negative)
a. crítico
The priest was critical of the values of today's youth.El sacerdote fue crítico con respecto a los valores de los jóvenes de hoy en día.
2. (very serious)
a. crítico
Income inequality is a critical problem. If left unchecked, revolution is inevitable.La desigualdad de ingresos es un problema crítico. Si no se controla, la revolución es inevitable.
3. (decisive)
a. crítico
The climate accord came at a critical juncture for the planet.El acuerdo climático se dio en una coyuntura crítica para el planeta.
b. fundamental
The lopsided terms of World War I's peace treaty were a critical cause of World War II.Los términos desiguales del tratado de paz de la Primera Guerra Mundial fueron una causa fundamental de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
4. (analytical)
a. de la crítica
The play was met with critical disdain.La obra de teatro fue recibida con un desdén de la crítica.
5. (physics)
a. crítico
Dark matter is at least 99% of the universe and as such brings the total density close to the critical value.La materia oscura es al menos el 99% del universo y, como tal, acerca la densidad total a su valor crítico.
6. (medicine)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The patient was in critical condition after his fall from a third story window.El paciente estaba grave después de su caída de la ventana de un tercer piso.
When the doctors said he was critical, we called for the priest.Cuando los médicos dijeron que estaba en estado crítico, llamamos al sacerdote.
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major(
mey
-
juhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la especialidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have to declare a major next year.El año que viene tenemos que elegir una especialidad.
b. la carrera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What is your major at the university?¿Qué carrera estudias en la universidad?
2. (military)
a. el comandante
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la comandante
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A major ranks above a captain but below a lieutenant colonel.Un comandante está por encima de un capitán, pero por debajo de un teniente coronel.
b. el mayor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The order came from a major of the US army.La orden procedía de un mayor del ejército norteamericano.
3. (music)
a. el mayor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The orchestra performed the song in B major.La orquesta interpretó la canción en si mayor.
4. (student)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Arnold is a Physics major.Arnold estudia física como asignatura principal.
What can a Language major do when they graduate?¿A qué se pueden dedicar las personas que estudian lenguas cuando se gradúan?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (considerable)
a. importante
Corruption is still a major obstacle for the country's development.La corrupción sigue siendo un obstáculo importante para el desarrollo del país.
6. (serious)
a. grave
We have a major problem on our hands.Tenemos un problema grave en nuestras manos.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (education)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. especializarse
I majored in psychology in college.En la universidad me especialicé en psicología.
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