Quick answer
"Cringe" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "encogerse", and "flinch" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estremecerse". Learn more about the difference between "cringe" and "flinch" below.
cringe(
krihnj
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to cower)
a. encogerse
The police officer found the children cringing in fear in the closet.El policía encontró a los niños encogidos de miedo en el armario.
2. (to grovel; sometimes used with "before")
a. arrastrarse ante
The jester cringed before the king hoping to receive his favor.El bufón se arrastraba ante el rey esperando recibir sus favores.
3. (to feel embarrassed)
a. sentir vergüenza ajena
Rogelio's presentation was so poorly prepared that it made everyone cringe.La presentación de Rogelio estaba tan mal preparada que nos hizo sentir vergüenza ajena a todos.
b. morirse de verguenza
We couldn't help but cringe listening to Peter trying out pickup line after pickup line on the poor girl.Nos morimos de vergüenza escuchando a Peter echarle un piropo tras otro a la pobre chica.
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flinch(
flihnch
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to recoil)
a. estremecerse
Briana flinched when the hawk flew within inches of her face.Briana se estremeció cuando el halcón pasó volando a unas pulgadas de su cara.
b. encogerse
The singer flinched when a fly landed on his microphone, but kept on singing.El cantante se encogió cuando una mosca se posó en el micrófono, pero siguió cantando.
2. (to avoid; used with "from")
a. rehuir de
Despite all of the difficulties of being a single parent, Monica never flinched from her motherly duties.A pesar de todas las dificultades de ser madre soltera, Mónica nunca rehuyó de sus responsabilidades de madre.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Alicia is not a woman who will flinch from her responsibilities.Alicia no es una mujer que va a dejar de cumplir sus responsabilidades.
Peter never flinched from making tough decisions.Peter nunca se echó atrás a la hora de tomar decisiones difíciles.
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