Quick answer
"Crest" is a noun which is often translated as "la cresta", and "ridge" is a noun which is often translated as "la cadena". Learn more about the difference between "crest" and "ridge" below.
crest(
krehst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (top)
a. la cresta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a wave)
The sea was fairly calm, with the odd white crest here and there.El mar estaba casi en calma, con alguna que otra cresta blanca aquí y allá.
b. la cima
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a hill)
We walked along the crest of the ridge.Caminamos por la cima de la cresta montañosa.
2. (comb)
a. la cresta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cockerel is distinguished by its red crest.El gallo se distingue por su cresta roja.
3. (plume of feathers)
a. el penacho
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The hoopoe has a spectacular black-tipped crest.La abubilla tiene un penacho impresionante, con las puntas negras.
4. (heraldry)
a. la cimera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(device on a helmet)
The knight's helmet bore a crest in the shape of a winged lion.El casco del caballero llevaba una cimera en forma de león alado.
b. el blasón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(emblem)
Students wore the school crest on the pockets of their blazers.Los estudiantes llevaban el blasón del colegio en el bolsillo del blazer.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to reach the top of)
a. alcanzar la cima de (a hill)
As we crested the hill, we could see the town spread out below us.Al alcanzar la cima de la colina, veíamos la ciudad, que se extendía a nuestros pies.
b. remontar la cresta de (a wave)
The boat crested a wave, and then another, to finally disappear under the water.La barca remontó la cresta de una ola, y luego de otra, para finalmente desaparecer bajo las aguas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to form a crest)
a. alcanzar su altura máxima
The surfer was trying to catch the wave before it crested.El surfista intentaba tomar la ola antes de que alcanzara su altura máxima.
7. (to reach its highest point)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. alcanzar su punto más alto
The river crested at more than 38 feet above normal levels, and many homes had to be evacuated.El río alcanzó su punto más alto, de más de 38 pies sobre su nivel normal, forzando la evacuación de muchas viviendas.
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ridge(
rihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (geography)
a. la cadena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(high area, hills)
There is a road that winds across the ridge to the west of the valley.Hay un camino que va serpenteando por la cadena al oeste del valle.
b. la cresta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(hilltop)
There is a great view from the ridge of this hill.Hay una vista fantástica desde la cresta de este cerro.
2. (architecture)
a. el caballete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of roof)
The roofer sat with his legs on either side of the ridge of the house.El techador estaba sentado con las piernas a ambos lados del caballete de la casa.
3. (agriculture)
a. el caballón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The plow left behind ridges in the field.El arado iba dejando caballones en el campo.
4. (raised part of a surface)
a. la rugosidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The contractor who did the kitchen left a ridge in the linoleum.El constructor que hizo la cocina dejó una rugosidad en el linóleo.
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