Quick answer
"Crave" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ansiar", and "yearn" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "anhelar". Learn more about the difference between "crave" and "yearn" below.
crave(
kreyv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to desire)
a. ansiar
Surely you must crave some company after being single for so long.Seguro que ansías compañía tras tanto tiempo soltero.
b. tener ansias de
I am currently taking a medication to prevent me from craving cigarettes.Me estoy medicando para evitar tener ansias de fumar.
c. tener antojo de (food)
Being away from home is making me crave my mother's cooking even more.Estar fuera de casa me hace tener aun más antojo de la cocina de mi madre.
2. (to ask for)
a. implorar
May I crave your pardon? I hadn't realized that you were a king.Imploro su perdón. No me había dado cuenta de que era rey.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to desire)
a. anhelar
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
When he discovered who killed his father, he craved for revenge.Cuando descubrió quién mató a su padre, anheló venganza.
b. ansiar
The artist desperately craved for the ability to express himself through his work.El artista ansiaba desesperadamente poder expresarse a través de su trabajo.
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yearn(
yuhrn
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to desire)
a. anhelar
Five years ago I yearned to live the life that I am living now.Hace cinco años anhelaba vivir la vida que vivo ahora.
b. ansiar
Eric yearns for the nighttime when he will once again be in the arms of his beloved.Eric ansía la noche, cuando estará una vez más en los brazos de su amada.
c. añorar
The hot summer sun makes me yearn for the Caribbean, where I lived for a while.El sol ardiente del verano me hace añorar el Caribe, donde viví un tiempo.
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