Quick answer
"Crash" is a noun which is often translated as "el estruendo", and "hit" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "golpear". Learn more about the difference between "crash" and "hit" below.
crash(
krahsh
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (noise)
a. el estruendo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When I heard the crash, I realized that the cat had knocked something onto the floor.Cuando escuché el estruendo, supe que el gato había tirado algo al suelo.
b. el estrépito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The soldiers heard a terrific crash and threw themselves to the ground.Los soldados escucharon un estrépito tremendo y se tiraron al suelo.
2. (accident)
a. el choque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After the crash, Estela didn't want to drive anymore.Después del choque, Estela ya no quería manejar.
b. el accidente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a miracle that no one was injured in the plane crash.Es un milagro que nadie saliera herido del accidente de avión.
c. la colisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Three people were hurt in a crash between two cars on Saturday.Tres personas resultaron heridas en una colisión entre dos carros el sábado.
3. (finance)
a. la quiebra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A bad decision about capital investment can lead to the crash of a company.Una mala decisión sobre inversión de capital puede llevar a una empresa a la quiebra.
b. el crac
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The Great Crash of 1929 was one of the worst financial chapters in the history of the USA.El Crac del 29 fue uno de los peores episodios financieros de la historia de EE.UU.
c. el crack
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Everyone is talking about the possibility of a stock market crash.Todos hablan de la posibilidad de un crack bursátil.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to cause to collide)
a. chocar
They crashed heads accidentally when they moved closer to kiss each other.Chocaron sus cabezas sin querer cuando se acercaron para darse un beso.
b. estrellar
I was trying to answer a text when I crashed my bike into the trash can.Estaba intentando responder a un mensaje de texto cuando estrellé mi bici contra el contenedor.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to attend without an invitation)
a. colarse
Come on, we're going to crash the Grammy's afterparty.Vente, nos vamos a colar al after de los Grammys.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to fall noisily)
a. caer con estrépito
He slipped and crashed onto the floor while he was carrying his laptop and several books.Resbaló y cayó con estrépito al suelo mientras cargaba su portátil y varios libros.
7. (to make a crashing sound)
a. retumbar
When the lightning crashed, my cat ran to hide under the bed.Cuando retumbaron los relámpagos, mi gato se fue corriendo para esconderse bajo la cama.
b. romper
The waves crashed against the shore as Poseidon emerged from the inky depths of the ocean.Las olas rompieron contra la playa mientras Poseidon salía de las profundidades negras del mar.
8. (to collide)
a. chocar
I don't understand how you managed to crash when the car wasn't even on.No entiendo como pudiste chocar cuando el carro ni estaba prendido.
b. estrellarse
I let go of the steering wheel because I saw a spider walking along it; that's how I crashed into a tree.Solté el volante porque vi una araña caminando por él; por eso me estrellé contra un árbol.
9. (finance)
a. quebrar
When the stock market crashed, thousands of businesses were ruined.Cuando la bolsa quebró, miles de negocios se arruinaron.
10. (computing)
a. bloquearse
The software crashed just as I was about to save my work, so I lost everything.El programa se bloqueó justo cuando estaba a punto de guardar el trabajo, así que lo perdí todo.
b. colgarse
My computer crashes every five minutes.Mi equipo se cuelga cada cinco minutos.
c. fallar
If this computer crashes again, I'm going to toss it out the window.Si vuelve a fallar esta computadora, la voy a tirar por la ventana.
11.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to spend the night)
a. quedarse a dormir
My friend lets me crash at his place when I leave the office too late.Mi amigo me deja quedarme a dormir en su casa cuando salgo demasiado tarde de la oficina.
b. pasar la noche
You can always crash here if you like.Siempre puedes pasar la noche aquí si quieres.
12.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to fall asleep)
a. quedarse dormido
Lalo crashed after a long day at the office.Lalo se quedó dormido después de un largo día en la oficina.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
13. (quick)
a. intensivo
Amelia's starting a crash course in sign language next week.La semana que viene Amelia va a empezar un curso intensivo de la lengua de signos.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
14. (onomatopoeia)
a. pum
Crash! - Son, what was that sound?¡Pum! - Hijo, ¿qué fue ese ruido?
b. zas
Then I dropped the box. "Crash!"Entonces se me escapó la caja. "¡Zas!"
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hit(
hiht
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to strike)
a. golpear
He hit the table angrily.Golpeó la mesa furiosamente.
b. pegar
The woman hit the robber with her purse.La mujer le pegó al ladrón con su cartera.
2. (sports)
a. golpear (ball games or boxing)
You need to hit the ball in such a way that it's difficult for the fielders to catch it.Hay que golpear la pelota de tal manera que a los fildeadores les sea difícil atraparla.
b. pegar (ball games or boxing)
It seems the well-known boxer hit his opponent when he was still on the floor.Parece que el boxeador famoso le pegó a su contrincante cuando todavía se encontraba en el suelo.
c. batear (baseball)
Mark hit more home runs than his brother that season.Aquella temporada Mark bateó mas jonrones que su hermano.
3. (to collide with)
a. chocar contra
The truck hit the wall with such an impact that it exploded.El camión chocó contra la pared con tanta fuerza que explotó.
4. (to knock)
a. golpear
The raindrops hit the tin roof noisily.Las gotas de lluvia golpeaban el techo de lata con gran estruendo.
5. (to reach)
a. dar en
The marksman's bullet hit the center of the target perfectly.La bala del tirador dio en el centro mismo del blanco.
b. alcanzar
The bullet hit him in the arm.La bala le alcanzó en el brazo.
c. llegar a
The storm is likely to hit the city during the night.Es probable que la tormenta llegue a la ciudad de noche.
6. (to attain)
a. alcanzar
The weatherman says that temperatures will hit a record high today.El meteorólogo dice que las temperaturas hoy alcanzarán niveles récord.
7. (to affect negatively)
a. afectar
His wife leaving him must have hit him hard.El que su mujer lo abandonara ha debido afectarlo mucho.
8. (to encounter)
a. tropezar con
The plane hit a few patches of turbulence.El avión tropezó con algunas zonas de turbulencia.
9. (to dawn on)
a. entender
It hit me that I am responsible for my own happiness.Por fin entendí que soy responsable por mi propia felicidad.
b. darse cuenta de
It suddenly hit her that she was under no obligation to do this if she didn't want to.De pronto se dio cuenta de que no tenía obligación alguna de hacer eso si no quería.
10. (to press)
a. dar a
If you're ready to record, I'll hit the button.Si estás lista para grabar, le doy al botón.
b. pulsar
It will automatically save when you hit return.Se guardará automáticamente cuando pulses la tecla de retorno.
c. presionar
I was so tired, I hit the snooze button three times this morning.Estaba tan cansado que presioné el botón de repetición tres veces esta mañana.
d. hacer clic en (computing)
Don't forget to hit the save button before you exit the program.No te olvides de hacer clic en el botón Guardar antes de salir del programa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to strike)
a. golpear
Don't hit so hard.No golpees tan fuerte.
12. (to collide)
a. chocar
She died instantly when the truck hit.Al chocar el camión murió en el acto.
13. (to arrive)
a. llegar
The tsunami hit at three in the morning.Et tsunami llegó a las tres de la madrugada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
14. (blow)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It would take a strong hit to launch the ball over the fence.Haría falta un golpe fuerte para lanzar la pelota por encima de la cerca.
b. el impacto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
One of the targets received a direct hit and the other was sprayed by shrapnel.Uno de los objetivos recibió un impacto directo y el otro recibió una lluvia de metralla.
15. (accurate shot)
a. la blanco
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He made three hits out of five shots.De cinco lanzamientos, hizo tres blancos.
16. (computing)
a. la visita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(to a web page)
We are hoping for many more hits on our site following the new advertising campaign.Esperamos muchas más visitas a nuestro sitio a raíz de la nueva campaña publicitaria.
b. el resultado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of an internet search)
There are 20,000 hits for that term.Al buscar ese término se obtienen 20,000 resultados.
17. (success)
a. el éxito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her most recent song was a big hit.Su última canción fue un gran éxito.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
18. (successful)
a. de gran éxito (invariable)
My dream would be to write a hit musical.Mi mayor ilusión sería crear un musical de gran éxito.
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