Quick answer
"Country" is a noun which is often translated as "el país", and "state" is a noun which is often translated as "el estado". Learn more about the difference between "country" and "state" below.
country(
kuhn
-
tri
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (geographic area)
a. el país
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She has visited more than 20 countries in the past year.Ella ha visitado más de 20 países en el último año.
2. (rural area)
a. el campo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They bought a beautiful house in the country.Compraron una casa preciosa en el campo.
3. (citizens of a state)
a. el pueblo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country demonstrated its frustration with the government in the latest elections.El pueblo dio a conocer su frustración con el gobierno en las últimas elecciones.
4. (homeland)
a. la patria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
James Bond is willing to die for queen and country.James Bond está dispuesto a morir por la reina y por la patria.
5. (region)
a. la tierra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You're in Gator country now, so take off your Seminoles cap.Estás ahora en tierra de los Gators, así que quítate tu gorra de los Seminoles.
b. la región
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
California's wine country is beautiful.La región de vino de California es bella.
6. (music)
a. el country
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Country is okay, but I prefer rock.El country está bien, pero prefiero el rock.
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state(
steyt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (condition)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The breakup put her in a terrible state of depression.La ruptura la puso en un estado terrible de depresión.
The current state of the government is favorable.El estado actual del gobierno es favorable.
2. (stage)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Ice is water in a solid state.El hielo es agua en un estado sólido.
3. (political)
a. la nación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(country)
Russia is a proud state with a rich history.Rusia es un estado orgulloso con una historia rica.
b. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(area within a country)
She lives in the state of Virginia.Ella vive en el estado de Virginia.
4. (government)
a. el estado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Smith said that the state was guilty of ill-treating its citizens.Smith dijo que el estado era culpable de maltratar a sus ciudadanos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to declare)
a. declarar
He states that he is innocent.Él declara que es inocente.
6. (to present)
a. exponer
They stated all of the new rules to the employees.Les expusieron todas las reglas nuevas a los empleados.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (of political subdivision)
a. estatal
The park is state property.El parque es propiedad estatal.
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